What People Are Saying About

Never Be Sick Again . . .

“Raymond  Francis  will  give  you  the  information  you  require—  and  if  you combine it with inspiration, self-esteem and self-love, you will accomplish wonders. Take your health into your own hands—choose life and Never Be Sick Again!”

—Bernie Siegel, M.D.

author of Love, Medicine & Miracles

and Prescriptions for Living

“The world is a better place for Raymond Francis and his work. He brings hope and inspiration to those who seek the path out of illness to sustained health and well- being.  For  the  many  health  mysteries  caused  by nutritional  deficits,  overload  of toxins  and  neuro-immuno-hormonal   dysfunctions,  this  book  is  a  necessary  and joyful treasure.”

—Russ Jaffe, M.D.

fellow, Health Studies Collegium fellow, National Academy of Clinical Biochemistry

“You must read this inspiring story and learn how one man overcame  his own illness to become a fine educator  in the science  of health maintenance.  With our current  medical  system  failing  miserably  to  treat  or  prevent  a  wide  variety  of illnesses, this book is a timely contribution.”

—Hyla Cass, M.D.

author of Natural Highs and

St. John’s Wort: Nature’s Blues Buster

Raymond Francis’s brush with death as a patient draws the reader to appreciate the lessons he has learned. Never Be Sick Again paints a clear picture of the choices that you can make to attain a healthier life. With the skill of a master teacher, he places these choices within reach.”

—Richard Kunin, M.D.

president, Society for Orthomolecular Health Medicine author of Mega-Nutrition

Never Be Sick Again presents a revolutionary new understanding of health and disease. Raymond Francis empowers readers and puts them back in charge of their health. This important book offers keen insights into the shifts in thinking about health; it is a prelude to what medicine in the future must become.”

—Al Lemerande Jr., M.D.

director of medical programs, Advanced Physicians Medical Group

author of Dynamic Health Through Nutrition

“Reading Never Be Sick Again is like learning health in one lesson. This book cuts through  the complexity  of health  and disease  with the simple,  yet  revolutionary, concept of one disease, two causes and six pathways. This is future medicine now!”

—Len Saputo, M.D.

medical director, Health Medicine Institute





Raymond Francis, M.Sc.

with Kester Cotton

Foreword by Harvey Diamond Coauthor of the #1 NY Times Bestseller Fit for Life

Health Communications, Inc. Deerfield Beach, Florida


Never Be Sick Again and the information contained in this book are not intended as a substitute for the advice and/or medical care of the reader’s physician, nor are they meant to discourage or dissuade the reader from the advice of his or her physician. The reader should regularly consult with a physician in matters relating to his or her health, and especially with regard to symptoms that may require diagnosis. Any eating or lifestyle regimen should be undertaken under the direct supervision of the reader’s physician. Moreover, anyone with chronic or serious ailments should undertake any eating and lifestyle program, and/or changes to his or her personal eating  and  lifestyle  regimen,  under  the  direct  supervision  of  his  or  her  physician.  If  the  reader  has  any questions concerning the information presented in this book, or its application to his or her particular medical profile,  or if the  reader  has unusual  medical  or nutritional  needs  or constraints  that may  conflict  with  the advice in this book, he or she should consult his or her physician.  If the reader is pregnant or nursing she should consult her physician before embarking on any nutrition or lifestyle program.

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

Francis, Raymond, 1937–

Never be sick again : Raymond Francis with Kester Cotton ; foreword by Harvey

Diamond. p. cm.

eISBN-13: 978-0-7573-9628-1    eISBN-10: 0-7573-9628-3

1. Health—Miscellanea.  2. Self-care, Health. 3. Healing—Miscellanea.

4. Health—Philosophy. 5. Mind and body. I. Cotton, Kester. II. Title.

RA776.5 .F736 2002


© 2002 Raymond Francis


All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. No part of this publication  may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the written permission of the publisher.

HCI, its logos and marks are trademarks of Health Communications, Inc. Publisher: Health Communications, Inc.

3201 S.W. 15th Street

Deerfield Beach, FL 33442-8190


Cover design by Larissa Hise Henoch

Inside design by Lisa Camp and Dawn Von Strolley Grove


Foreword by Harvey Diamond Acknowledgments Introduction

1. I Almost Died

2. Your Potential for Health

3. The New Theory of Health and Disease

4. Choosing Healthy Cells

5. The Nutrition Pathway

6. The Toxin Pathway

7. The Psychological Pathway

8. The Physical Pathway

9. The Genetic Pathway

10. The Medical Pathway

11. A Shift in Perspective


Author’s Note: Going Beyond Health Appendix A: Health Information Appendix B: Vitamin Supplements

Appendix C: Foods and Personal Products

Appendix D: Alternative Cancer Treatments

Appendix E: Improving Vision

Appendix F: Health-E-America Foundation


Never Be Sick Again takes the mystery out of disease. This groundbreaking book

presents  a revolutionary  theory of health and disease:  There are not thousands  of different diseases, but only one disease: malfunctioning cells. Put simply, if the cells that make up your body are healthy, then you are healthy. Take care of your cells by providing them with all the nutrients they need, keep them free of injurious toxins, and disease will not happen. That concept is what this book is all about.

Never Be Sick Again is health made simple, written by someone who figured it out the hard way. In 1985, author Raymond Francis (a chemist and a graduate of MIT) suffered  a near-fatal  health condition.  He used his knowledge  of biochemistry  to save  his  own  life,  and  during  his  recovery,  Francis  asked  himself  fundamental questions like, “Why do people get sick?” and, “How can disease be prevented or reversed?” The answers to these questions are the essence of Francis’s new theory: One  disease,  two causes of  disease  and six  pathways between  health and disease. Explained in easy-to-understand language, this concept of health and disease is scientifically grounded in cutting-edge cellular biochemistry and molecular biology. Never  Be  Sick  Again is the distilled  wisdom  of hundreds  of books, thousands  of scientific journals and over sixteen years of experience  and observation. Francis’s book provides a simple and holistic approach that can help to prevent and/or reverse almost any disease—the ultimate triumph over disease.

A book like this is needed now more than ever. Health-care costs continue to rise while the health of the American people continues to decline. The average person is lost in a glut of complex and confusing health information. When we do get sick, though,  not understanding  why we are sick or how to become  well, we feel  like powerless  victims,  subject  to  seemingly  random  infections  and  genetic predispositions. We feel  helpless because our  understanding of  disease remains stuck in the  archaic germ  theory. We worry too much about  our  bodies being invaded by microorganisms and not enough about building and maintaining the overall health and function of our cells. Disease is not a random event. We can choose to prevent it, provided that we know how. Health is determined by what we, as individuals, are willing to do for ourselves; it is our responsibility.

Rather than being a game of chance, health is a choice. Whether we realize it or not, the daily choices we make have a direct impact on the health of our cells. When we make the wrong choices, and our health takes a turn for the worse, we blame genes or germs or the aging process rather than the way we live our lives. In truth, the only way to heal any disease is to normalize cellular function by correcting

cellular malfunction, the common denominator of all disease.

Modern medicine has a poor understanding of disease and relies on suppressing the symptoms of disease rather than addressing its true causes. Little wonder most of us die from chronic and degenerative diseases—such as cancer and heart disease— that are “treated” but seldom healed. As a society, our applying the principles of the six pathways outlined in this book is crucial. Doing so will improve the health of our population to where most of existing medical practice can become irrelevant. Even now when we recognize the existence of only one disease, breaking medicine up into medical specialties becomes obsolete and counterproductive.

Raymond Francis provides real answers for real life, regardless of who you are or your state of health. By providing a powerful  framework  for maintaining  optimal health,  this  book  ties  all  the  basics  together  in  a  way  that  anyone  can  put  to immediate  and practical  use. Francis  simplifies  the health equation  to the lowest common  denominator—each  individual  cell. If you take care of each cell in your body, disease cannot happen.

An island  of  clarity  in a sea  of  confusion, Never  Be  Sick  Again is a one-stop solution for health professionals and laymen alike. Think of this book as health in one lesson. Everyone, especially our children, should learn about this cutting-edge approach  to health  and disease.  In the past, health  and disease  have seemed  like mysteries over which we have little control, but no longer. Now, we do have control. Knowing of just one disease and only two causes of disease gives us the power to get well and stay well. Francis’s title says it all: Never Be Sick Again.

Harvey Diamond

coauthor of the #1 New York Times bestseller, Fit for Life


No one works  in isolation;  the seventeen-year  journey  that  led up to this book

attests  to  that.  I  have  many  individuals  to  thank,  in  addition  to  my  wonderful publisher Health Communications, Inc., for making Never Be Sick Again a reality. I want to express my gratitude to the great thinkers who came before me and upon whose  work I have built, pioneers  such as Hippocrates,  Claude  Bernard, Antoine Bechamp, Renè Dubos, Alexis Carrel, Hans Selye, Walter Cannon, Linus Pauling, Roger Williams, Emanuel Cheraskin and many others. I want to thank my professors and colleagues at M.I.T., who helped to sharpen my critical thinking skills. I want to thank Dr. Russell Jaffe, who pointed me in the right direction as I was searching for answers to my questions about health and disease.

Many thanks to my mother and father for their love and for helping me to become who I am. Many thanks to my family and friends for their encouragement and for the many hours they spent reading and commenting  on various drafts of chapters.  In particular, I would like to gratefully acknowledge Mark Baird, David Buttaro, Joan Carole,  Br.  Camillus  Chavez,  Mark  Choquet,  Kathleen  Cotton,  Peter  DeTomi, Bernard  Friesecke,  Pascal  Girard,  Dr. Peter  Litchfield,  Kathleen  Martuza,  Robert Menkemeller,  Mollie  Meyers,  Dr.  David  Rovno,  Brandon  Soule,  Pamela  Strong, Nancy Talbot, and Alec Wilson, who helped to make this book more understandable and useful to the reader. Thanks also to my two wonderful editors, Linda Hall and Beatrice Trum Hunter, who contributed so much to making this a better book.

I am  also grateful  for the hundreds  of people  I have  worked  with as a health advisor. Each and every one of them taught me something important about health and helped to cement my understanding  of the importance  of diet and lifestyle in preventing and reversing disease.

Last, but far from least, I would like to thank my cowriter Kester Cotton. Without your  support, there would be  no book to read. Thank you for  your  friendship, encouragement, patience, forbearance and years of hard work. The days we have spent creating Never Be Sick Again will always be cherished memories.


I was too sick to leave my bed. In fact, I was too weak even to lift my head from the

pillow. At age forty-eight, at the peak of an international  business career, I found myself on the brink of death. I had lost forty pounds from an already thin frame; I looked skeletal. My vital signs were failing. My doctors expected me to die.

I chose to live. I say “chose” because on my own, relying on my knowledge of biochemistry  and my determination  not to die, I saved my own life. I took some fairly simple steps, but I also took one profound leap. I made a powerful discovery: Almost all disease can be prevented or reversed. As a result, health is a choice and no one has to be sick.

This  book  presents  an  entirely  new  theory  of  health  and  disease  that  will ultimately change the way medicine is practiced. This book offers a revolutionary way to perceive health, a guidebook for living based on cutting-edge science that is simple to understand. This guide gives you the power to control your own health in a way that you perhaps never imagined possible.

In  reality,  humans  experience  only  one  disease. All  disease  is  the  result  of malfunctioning  cells, no matter if the disease is a “common” cold, a mental illness such as depression or a life-threatening cancer. This theory of malfunctioning cells cuts   through   the   confusion   of   health   and   disease   and   provides   a   unifying understanding of what keeps people well or makes them sick.

The two causes of disease, the two reasons that cells malfunction, are deficiency (insufficient   nutrients)   and toxicity (excessive  toxins).  These  two  causes  work through six areas of daily life: the six pathways each person travels toward health or disease. If you take care of your body’s needs along these six pathways, you give your cells what they need and you avoid what is toxic. You will not become sick.

The theory presented in this book—a unifying theory of disease—is the most important health discovery to emerge in the last few hundred years. No such theory existed  during  the  evolution  of  what  we  now  call  “modern  medicine,”  which explains why the medical establishment cannot cure nor prevent disease as effectively as it might. My theory of health offers power, simplicity and clarity in place of  powerlessness, which is  what  most  people now feel. Most  people are overwhelmed and confused by the constant flood of conflicting health information, the thousands of different diseases that physicians “treat” with drugs and surgery. This swirl of specialists, symptoms and side effects leaves people without cures for their disease and, too often, either growing sicker or  facing death. We end up powerless because we have no idea why we are sick or how to make ourselves well


My new approach asks you to make profound shifts in what has been conventional thinking about illness and health care. By preventing and reversing disease through the six pathways, you put the power to get better and stay well into your hands. If you are so sick that you have given up hope, this approach is the light of choice. Had I this level of understanding years ago, I would never have become sick in the first place.

I have  shared  my ideas  with  thousands  of people  around  the world,  including hundreds of medical doctors. I have seen people who have been sick for a decade or more apply this information and quickly become well again. I have seen people who have fruitlessly tried endless doctors, hospitals, clinics, medications and even gimmicks. They become well again by applying logical, sound, scientific approaches to enhancing health at the cellular level.

This book asks you to think outside the box of traditional medicine—a box that may have you stifled by misinformation and cut off from the kind of understanding that will truly make you well. Consider how conventional thinking can trap us: Why do we easily accept that stress can make us sick, but we have difficulty embracing the  idea  that  love,  laughter  and a balanced  life  can  make  us well?  Why  are  we willing to ingest chemicals  in the form of prescription  drugs that are alien to our body, but we are skeptical that natural substances—primarily  the right foods—can heal?  Why  are  we  willing  to recognize  the  damage  of  an  obvious  poisoning—a major chemical  spill, for instance—but  we ignore the devastating effects of small amounts of toxic substances, which accumulate in our bodies and make us a little bit sicker every day?

Our bodies have an amazing capacity to heal, but they are more vulnerable than you may realize. This book teaches you how to tap that capacity for healing and how to avoid the toxins and the stresses—in the environment and inside your own body— that make you sick. Many dangers around us go unrecognized, but they take a toll every day.

My theory of wellness takes you to the front lines of the battle between health and disease: the cell. Your body is made up of trillions of cells. Cells have needs, which I  identify, that must be met if they are to function well. If your cells are healthy, your body will not become sick. If your cells do not receive what they need or if they are damaged or poisoned, they will stop working right and you will become sick. (You may be surprised to discover what is toxic to your cells.) Cells that receive what they need and avoid harm can function well and provide for healthy life, regardless of your age, the genes you have inherited or the “germs” to which you have been exposed. Healthy cells refuse disease; no one with healthy cells has any reason to become sick, not even to contract a cold. People alive today are far sicker than most of us recognize, and they die decades sooner than their genetic potential.

Healthy life, well past one hundred years old, should be our birthright.

We do not usually think about health in this way. We don’t knowingly  choose disease, but we do choose diets and lifestyles that lead to disease. Unable to predict, prevent  or conquer  disease,  most people  and most physicians  pursue treatment— such as prescription or over-the-counter drugs— once obvious symptoms have presented,  after  massive  cellular  malfunction  has  already  occurred.  Patients  and their  physicians  treat  body  parts  or  body  systems  as  unrelated.  The  mainstream medical community has no unifying theory of disease, no unifying treatment and no plan for prevention, and therefore true and lasting health is an illusion.

This book describes how to keep your body—all your cells—truly healthy. Understanding  the  six  pathways  toward  health  and  following  them  in  the  right direction will change your life. You will learn things about nutrition that you have probably never heard before, including how the way you shop, the way you cook or the foods that you combine at a meal spell the difference between health and disease. You will learn to recognize hazards in your home and how to stop toxins from being created within your own body.

You’ll learn specifics, down to the kind of vitamin supplements you should take, the toothpaste you should use and the olive oil you should buy. I name names and identify brands based on how the products affect cells, because buying the wrong products does nothing to keep you healthy. Certain products, in fact, make you unhealthy.

Consider your own life: Do you suffer from a health condition that you have given up trying to cure and now accept as fate? Do you bounce from one medical specialist to  another,  dizzy  with  conflicting  diagnoses  and  different  ideas  about  which treatments  are  best?  Is  your  cabinet  full  of  medications  that  you  take  regularly without  any sense that you are healing? Are you tired most of the time? Do you expect to live past your eighties?

This book guides you out of the maze of medical specialists and on a path toward wellness. This book teaches you how to question your doctors’ advice and how to evaluate, on your own, the medicines you should take, if any. You can regain the kind of energy for living that you may have thought was lost forever. With this book you can learn how to live beyond one hundred years of age.

By looking at health and disease in entirely new ways, and understanding how to choose health, you can reevaluate illnesses that you may have come to accept as unavoidable. You may be shocked to discover how often you choose not to be healthy. My code for living shows you, in big ways and in small ways, how to stop making yourself sick. I describe a potential for human health—and long life—that you never thought possible. Horizons will open up as you consider the possibility that you can live, fully and vigorously, decades beyond what you now consider old age.

Many people know more about how their automobiles work than about what their bodies need in order to function, and people often pay more attention to maintaining their  cars  than  themselves.  People  feel  they  just  don’t  have  the  knowledge  or medical training to figure out what is wrong with their own bodies or how to heal. The truth is that knowledge and power are within one’s reach.

No theory about health is so simple yet so powerful. This approach clears up the confusion  surrounding  thousands  of  so-called  “diseases,”  and  eliminates  most modern medical treatments—drugs and surgery—as toxic, invasive and rarely necessary.  The focus, instead, is on the common problems  of disease and how to solve  them.  This book bypasses  the complex  and confusing  world of illness  and remedies and simplifies our understanding of health and disease, enabling people to prevent  and reverse  disease  by addressing  its causes.  From  the tangle  of all  the complexity emerges a straightforward approach to becoming well and staying well

—an island of clarity in a sea of confusion.

In its simplest terms, how health is determined can be expressed as an equation:

Health = positive things minus negative things

The quality of your health is determined by the positive things you do for your body minus  the negative  things  you do t o your body. This concept  is not complicated, sexy or original;  it is simply the truth. The problem  is that accurate  information about the factors that affect this equation is hard to obtain. Accurate  information about  what  is positive  and  good  for  you  and  what  is  not  does  not  come  easily. Contradictory information and myths circulate, and people disseminate opinions as if they were facts. Many health writers, untrained in science, misinterpret scientific information or parrot each other. The blind are often leading the blind. To choose health, you must know how to distinguish  between good choices and bad choices regarding  diet,  toxic  exposure,  exercise,  prescription  and  recreational  drug  use, stress and other factors. This book shows you how to make these distinctions.

You may already read the labels on the foods you buy, the warnings on the prescriptions you take and the coverage limits of your health plan, but if you are to achieve health and stay healthy, you must first understand what your body needs. Many health books provide recipes, diet lists, exercise regimens and the like— routines to be blindly followed with no real understanding of the rationale behind them. This book is different. This book provides a powerful and logical conception of health, a framework that assists you in coming to your own conclusions and making your own choices. With this framework, you will have a basis for understanding which choices need to be made, when you should make them and why.

Your body is made of cells. When a large number of your cells malfunction, body systems become disrupted, leading to the one disease: cellular malfunction. Cellular malfunction has only two causes: deficiency, cells not getting what they need, and

toxicity, cells poisoned by something they do not need. Finally, six  pathways exist between  health and disease  through which the health of our cells can change  for better or worse. We can become healthy or sick (i.e., deficient and/or toxic) through the following pathways:

• Pathway 1—Nutrition You are what you eat. Learn how to select and prepare the types of foods that will enable your cells to function at their best.

• Pathway 2—Toxin A toxin is a substance that interferes with normal cellular function, thereby causing malfunction, which is disease. Learn where toxins are found and how you can avoid them.

• Pathway  3—Psychological  The  body  and  mind  are  inseparably  connected; they are one and the same thing. The way we react to life events and respond to our thoughts and emotions directly affect our cells.

• Pathway 4—Physical Our cells and bodies need physical maintenance, like an automobile. Do you have enough exercise, rest, sunlight and fresh air?

• Pathway 5—Genetic Genes affect our cells, but not nearly as much as modern medicine would have us believe. Learn how to optimize your genetic potential and avoid genetic damage.

• Pathway 6—Medical  Modern medicine  kills and injures millions of people every year. Learn how medicine affects your cells, and make educated decisions about which treatments you need and which you do not.

All you need to know at any point in time is in which direction you are going along each of the pathways—toward  health or disease—and  to make corrections. You cannot make good choices along only one or two of the pathways and expect to achieve  optimal  health;  this approach  limits many health plans and books, useful though they may be. Many approaches are on the right track, but they do not look at the whole picture. Making healthy choices with respect to all six pathways is what empowers the body to regulate and repair itself.

That said, each choice you make in a positive direction,  toward health, on any pathway at any time will improve your life. Each step toward health puts you closer to your true potential and further away from the risk of disease or illness. Each contribution, no matter how small, is still significant.



“The next major advance in the health of the American people will be determined  by what  the individual  is willing  to do for himself.”

John Knowles former president, The Rockefeller Foundation

Not too many years ago, no one would have been able to convince me that I would be writing a definitive book about human health and performance. I was no health expert; in fact, I gave little thought to the subject. I assumed I was healthy and that I could  do  little  to  improve  upon  it.  Yet,  here  I  am  today,  devoting  my  life  to researching and improving health.

Concern for our health is something we all have in common. We all would like to live a high-quality, disease-free life, no matter how long that life may be. But most of us have no idea that a disease-free life is possible, so our priorities become out of whack, and we form habits that jeopardize our health. Then we ignore the early signs of ill health and, without knowing it, we lay the groundwork  for disaster. That is exactly what I did.

At the height of my former career, I was president of an international management consulting firm specializing in international competitiveness, industrial quality and productivity. I was a consultant to Fortune 500 companies, the State Department, the United Nations and to the prime ministers of several foreign governments. Life had been good to me.

Then the early warning signs that things were changing came in 1983. I began to slow  down,  requiring  more  sleep  and  tiring  more  easily.  I  began  to  experience frequent   allergic   reactions,   including   runny  nose,  itchy  eyes,  sneezing,   heart palpitations and skin rashes. I suffered muscle aches and joint pain. I felt as though I was  losing  my  edge,  losing  some  of  the  mental  and  physical  capacity  that  had allowed   me   to   operate   at   the   highest   levels   of   international   business   and government. Life was becoming less fun and more like a chore.

I  brought these complaints to the attention of my physician, a man who the medical community rated as “one of the best.” He examined me, did many tests and pronounced me in “excellent health.” When I protested, saying I did not feel like I was in excellent health, he replied, “You are just getting older.” I protested again, saying that in my whole life I had never felt this way before. He continued, “Well, you have never been this old before.” I was forty-six years old.

I would later discover that physicians have no protocols or established procedures for measuring early decline in health. Instead they blame “getting older” for so many feelings of ill health, even at ages when human beings have the potential to be in  their  prime  (remember,  I  was  only  forty-six  when  I  began  suffering  from

problems attributed to my age). Physicians  consistently  assume that the patient is “well”  until  his  or  her  condition  deteriorates   into  symptoms  that  the  doctor recognizes as a diagnosable disease.

Over the next year and a half, my symptoms worsened. My fatigue became more pronounced; I required ever-increasing amounts of sleep, and even then I felt tired. The fatigue made it increasingly difficult to travel, as my job required. My allergic reactions were becoming more severe. I would experience sneezing fits so dramatic that I would have to rest after them. My heart palpitations were more frequent and pronounced. I would see colored rings around lights and my vision would blur.

I finally decided to seek the assistance of an allergy specialist. Little did I realize, as I entered the doctor’s office that fateful morning, that it would be the last day of life  as  I  had  known  it.  The  allergist  administered  a  diagnostic  test  called  an intradermal  test, whereby an allergen is injected into the skin with a hypodermic needle.  The  procedure  is  much  more  provocative  and  sensitive  than  the  typical scratch tests familiar to most people. Intradermal  tests may identify allergies that might  otherwise  be  missed.  However,  if  someone  is  especially  sensitive  to  an allergen, this type of test can provoke a serious reaction. My doctor neglected to tell me that the FDA regularly receives reports of injuries and deaths from these tests. My condition and the fact that I was experiencing significant allergic reactions at the time should have prompted this physician to be more cautious and anticipate that an intradermal test might provoke a serious reaction.

It did.

The reaction was catastrophic, causing my immune system to spin out of control. During the next week I slept almost constantly and appeared to have aged about ten years. I suffered fatigue and disability unlike anything I had ever experienced. Prior to the test, although I had some serious allergy problems, I was still able to function relatively   normally;   afterward,   I   was   seriously   ill   and   almost   completely dysfunctional.

Years later, another physician—one considerably better informed—gave me a meaningful description of what had happened to me. He described my state of compromised health as rather like standing on the edge of a precipice. My allergist did not recognize my vulnerability and the need to work initially with nutritional support and conservative treatments to back me away from that edge. The allergist’s decision to administer a provocative test pushed me off the precipice and into an abyss of catastrophic health decline.

Ten months later, I was still in that abyss of illness and anxiety, with my health in a downward spiral. In the past, whenever I had been sick, I had always recovered in a matter of days or weeks. This time was different indeed. I experienced chronic fatigue, multiple chemical sensitivities and allergic reactions to almost everything. I also  developed  several  autoimmune  syndromes,  including  Sjogren’s  syndrome,

Hashimoto’s thyroiditis and lupus. In these syndromes, the immune system attacks the  body’s  own  tissues,  causing  a cascade  of  serious  problems.  In my case,  my immune system was attacking my salivary glands, lachrymal glands, thyroid gland, kidneys and connective tissue. I had an extensive list of debilitating symptoms including dizziness, impaired memory, depression, heart palpitations, blurred vision, muscle and joint pain, diarrhea, bloating, nausea, numbness and even seizures. I was unable to perform any meaningful activity. My health was gone, and life, as I had known it, was over.

During those ten nightmarish months, I visited thirty-six medical doctors. I had so many different symptoms that I was referred to specialists for each one, including ophthalmologists, gastroenterologists, neurologists, endocrinologists, cardiologists, allergists,   rheumatologists,   psychiatrists,   internists   and   immunologists.   Being bounced from one specialist to another, sometimes seeing two or even three in a day, was very frustrating. I certainly heard plenty of second, third and fourth opinions, often conflicting, but none particularly helpful. My multitude of symptoms totally baffled  those learned  specialists.  (How much easier  it would have been had they known what I know now: that there is only one disease and that symptoms are not important.) They performed many expensive diagnostic tests, which served little purpose other than to give fancy names to my symptoms, such as neuropathy, colitis, arrhythmia, arthralgia, keratitis sicca, thyroiditis and others.

They were merely describing my symptoms with a technical name, the usual diagnosing,  and then sending a bill. A few suggested that I was a hypochondriac, imagining ill health. Many physicians assume that if they do not understand what is wrong, the patient must be imagining his illness. At the time, I thought all of my doctors  were baffled  because  my case was so complex.  In the end, however,  the answers proved to be simple. The answers had been there all along. One just needed to know where to look.

From Bad to Worse

As sick as I was after ten months of illness, things were about to become much worse. One of the last physicians I went to see made a decision that nearly killed me. He  prescribed  an  antiparasitic  drug,  metronidazole,  which  turned  out  to  be heptatoxic (poisonous to the liver). I suffered a severe reaction to the drug. In my weakened and chemically sensitive condition I should never have been given this drug, as I would later learn from the medical literature. Perhaps I should have known better, given my prior experiences with medical doctors, but trusting the doctor and knowing of no other options, I took the drug. Metronidazole is known to be stressful to the liver, and my liver was already under a lot of stress. I could not handle the additional toxic load. My liver failed, and I was at death’s door.

As I lay in bed, deathly ill with chemical hepatitis, my weight dropped from an already trim 160 pounds (at 6-foot-2) to a positively skeletal 120. I was too weak even to lift my head. My vital signs were failing, and my physicians doubted that I would survive. Death appeared certain.

Had I continued to rely on conventional medicine, I would not be here today, and you would not be reading my story. As weak as I was, something inside of me was not ready to let go—not without a fight. But I did not know where to turn for help. As I look back, I am amazed at the chain of events that saved my life and allowed me to regain control of my health.

My brother, bless his heart, started the process. During my illness, he had flown across the country to be with me. He gave me a book that proved instrumental  in saving  my  life:  Norman  Cousins’s  bestseller, Anatomy   of  an  Illness. In  1964, Norman Cousins, a layman with no medical  or scientific  training,  was diagnosed with ankylosing  spondylitis,  a connective  tissue disease that deteriorates  collagen (the “glue” that holds our cells together). Cousins’s disease was literally causing his body  to  fall  apart.  His  illness,  like  mine,  was  deemed  by  his  physicians  to  be incurable and fatal. Unwilling to accept such a prognosis, Cousins sought whatever knowledge  he could to help himself. He succeeded.  Not only did he find ways to save his own life; he later became a professor of medicine at UCLA.

Cousins took action in four areas. First, like myself, Cousins recognized that he was  being  harmed  by  his  medical  treatment.  He  concluded  that  the  drugs  his physicians were prescribing were so toxic that they were accelerating his decline. He stopped taking the drugs. Second, he discovered  the enormous power of the mind over  the  body.  The  excruciating  pain  he  was  experiencing  was  affected  by  his attitude toward the pain. By learning to change his attitude, he could reduce his pain. Third, he found laughter to be helpful; ten minutes of genuine, hearty laughter would cause his pain to go away for hours. He started watching funny movies, and when the effect would wear off, he would switch on the projector and laugh some more. The laughter had profound and beneficial effects on his body chemistry and contributed to his recovery. Fourth, he discovered the powerful anti-inflammatory properties of vitamin C. He decided to take twenty-five grams a day administered by intravenous drip. This action had a profoundly beneficial effect on his highly inflammatory condition. By avoiding toxic prescription drugs, changing his attitude, laughing and administering plenty of vitamin C, Cousins made a miraculous recovery.

Lying on what had been pronounced my deathbed, I thought about Cousins’s book in relation to my graduate school days doing scientific research at MIT. I wondered how Cousins managed to find the pertinent information he needed to save himself. If Cousins, a dying man with no scientific training, could obtain such critical, life- saving knowledge, why couldn’t his physicians? After all, these professionals had devoted their entire careers to medicine. Knowing that Cousins had found a way to

save his own life encouraged me; I hoped that my scientific training as a chemist might enable me to do the same.

As I lay there with a poisoned liver, dying from chemical hepatitis, I realized that if I wanted to live I must act quickly. Not much time was left. Thinking about how instrumental vitamin C was in Cousins’s recovery, I remembered from my study of biochemistry that vitamin C plays an essential role in liver detoxification. Because my liver had been poisoned by a toxic drug, perhaps some vitamin C would help it detoxify. It seemed like an experiment worth doing, and besides, I knew of no other options.

It worked.

Twenty-four hours after starting oral doses of vitamin C (about four grams a day), my vital signs began to stabilize. In forty-eight hours I was able to sit up in bed. A few days before, death had been a certainty. Now, I could sit up, which was the first time I had experienced a measurable improvement in all those months. Progress, even in the form  of something  as simple  as sitting  up in bed, can be incredibly inspiring. At that point, I knew I could take action that would make a difference. Meanwhile, my physicians could not understand why I not only survived but actually improved.

I was still far from well, though. I was a frail skeleton. I had difficulty performing the simplest  tasks, such as dressing,  or tying my shoelaces.  I had no energy and became fatigued from the slightest exertion. My hands and feet were numb; I had difficulty  walking  and  moved  slowly.  I was  lightheaded  and  tended  to fall  over easily. Worse, my brain had trouble functioning; I felt like I was in a mental fog. I had difficulty with short-term memory and simple calculations. Even as I improved enough to venture out again, I could not make correct change at the grocery store and easily forgot what I intended to do.

Perhaps  worst  of  all  was  the  horrific  chemical  sensitivity  that  I  continued  to suffer, causing me to become weak, disoriented and debilitated. The toxic assault on my body by the metronidazole  had left me with acute chemical  sensitivities.  For instance, when I turned on a water faucet the subtle chlorine fumes coming out with the water were enough to cause me to become weak, lightheaded and disoriented. I could not read or be near printed materials because of the chemical fumes coming from the ink and paper. I used only a speakerphone because I would react to the fumes off-gassing from the plastic telephone receiver. My gas water heater had to be replaced with an electric unit because I reacted to the combustion fumes diffusing into the surrounding living space. I had to wear clothes made only from natural fibers, to avoid the toxic fumes from synthetics. I had to purchase special water and air filters. But even with these many precautions, I was debilitated by my relentless reactions to a myriad of environmental chemicals.

Someone who has not personally experienced chemical sensitivity has a hard time

understanding  how just  a whiff  of  certain  chemicals  can  create  total  havoc  in a matter of seconds. I remember once taking a piece of Scotch tape off a roll and being devastated for the rest of the day by the seemingly inconsequential  chemical odor from the tape! With chemical sensitivity, the nervous system develops a “memory” of  past   reactions.   This  effect   is  called classical    conditioning (i.e.,  biological learning) and upon detecting these reactive agents again, even in infinitesimal quantities, a full-scale response is produced. Our modern world is permeated with chemicals that can produce such reactions in susceptible people.

In this hideous state of health, I fell into a deep depression. I thought about taking my life. Although I had made some progress, I was allergic to almost everything, and I was in a constant state of debilitating reactions. My life was ruined. No doctor could help me. I was unable to do any meaningful activity and had nothing to look forward to. I could not even watch television  because of the chemical  fumes off- gassing from the TV set as it heated up.

Choosing to Live

One  beautiful  afternoon,  I  was  sitting  out  in  the  sun  and  contemplating  the meaning of life. Illness has a powerful  way of providing perspective  and time to think about the really important things. I asked myself whether or not I wanted to continue living. I decided that I did not want to die—I wanted to live. However, life was not worth living in such a debilitated state. My only option was to find a way to become healthy again.

How could I do this? The doctors could not help. In large measure, doctors had brought  me  to  my  failing  condition.  I  recall  thinking  about  the  explosion  of knowledge  in the world—about  all the new scientific  data being published  every day. Surely somewhere, some key bit of information would help me. I became determined to find out whatever I could, but it was not easy. My vision was blurred and my eyes hurt. Given that I was unable to be near printed materials because of the ink fumes, how could I study? My mind didn’t work right, either: Contemporary literature about chemically sensitive people describes this debilitating type of “brain fog.” In my early quests to research my health condition, I would find myself lost in a mental fog, spending hours reading the same material repeatedly without realizing it. Ironically, I was reacting to the very materials I was using to learn how to restore my health.

Still, I remained determined. I purchased a respirator mask to protect me from the chemicals coming from the ink in my study materials. Unfortunately, the rubber part of the mask gave off toxic fumes. I took the mask apart, boiled the rubber pieces in water for two days and then reassembled it, which made the mask tolerable so I could wear it while I did the necessary work.

Next,  I  purchased  a  portable  electric  oven  and  one  hundred  feet  of  outdoor extension cord. I placed the oven downwind from my house and baked all of my reading materials in order to drive off the ink chemicals. Bizarre, but it worked. Now at  least  I  could  handle  and  read  my  rapidly  accumulating  piles  of  medical  and scientific literature. I began to educate myself, looking for clues that might help to restore and improve my health.

Thus began a new phase of my life, which continues to this day.

I  came  across  fascinating  information  as  I  searched  for  the  answers  to  my questions.  I read technical  papers  written  by a biochemist  who, like myself,  had become chemically hypersensitive.  No physician had been able to help him either, and his sensitivity was so great that he was forced to move to a distant location that harbored no man-made chemicals. He moved into a small wooden shack on a remote beach. Eventually, through his understanding  of biochemistry,  he was able to take steps to restore his health.

Knowing  that  someone  else  had  been  able  to heal  himself  of  this  horrendous condition gave me the hope I needed so much. His example convinced me that I, too, would be able to help myself to understand the biochemistry of my illness and apply sound scientific principles to solve my problems. It took me two years of learning and experimenting to raise myself from the depths of liver failure, chronic fatigue, autoimmune diseases and chemical hypersensitivity.  Recovery took a great deal of persistence, willingness to try new things and acceptance of many setbacks.

In particular  at the height  of my chemical  sensitivities,  I had to be extremely careful about the products I selected. Even minute amounts of toxins were enough to make me ill. I ended up with a kitchen full of vitamin supplements that I could not take because of toxic impurities and my level of susceptibility. Even healthy people are harmed by these impurities, though it may not be as evident to them.

I learned the hard way how suffering can come when health is failing, and when you try remedies  that do more harm than good. Even with my scientific  training, finding  the  answers  was  difficult.  Particularly   with  vitamin  supplements   and personal care products, a great deal of conflicting information abounds, and consumers remain confused about how to make the best choices. Accurate health information is in great demand, and that is precisely what this book provides. I want to share what I have learned about getting well and staying well.

In 1991, I resigned from all my business and community activities and devoted myself to teaching others how to be healthy. I started by speaking to groups—at first, the same support groups to which I had belonged during the depths of my illness. Then I branched out with a wider audience, which evolved into a regular evening workshop series that continued for years. Later, a publisher became aware of my work and invited me to write a column for his newspaper. After that, I started a  radio  show  called An  Ounce  of  Prevention and  began  publishing  my  own

newsletter, Beyond Health News. This book is the next step.

Reaching Our Potential

One of the most profound conclusions I have reached is that health is a choice; virtually no one ever has to be sick. The potential for human health and longevity is far greater than we are now achieving. Scientific studies describe populations who lived longer  and healthier  lives  than we do, simply  because  their  societies  made dietary  and  lifestyle  choices  that  supported  human  health.  With  just  a  little knowledge and effort, we can do the same. We can choose health, but first we must educate ourselves.

My own quest for an understanding  of how the body maintains  and heals itself continues  to  this  day.  Throughout  my  research,  I  continue  to  ask  myself  basic questions, such as:

• What is health?

• What is disease?

• Why do people get sick?

• How can disease be prevented or reversed?

• How long can people live in good health, and what does it take to achieve this?

• What is the potential for human health and longevity?

Please  allow me  to pass  on to you a truly  revolutionary  theory  of  health  and disease, one that is so simple and powerful that it gives you the choice to never be sick again.



“There is no reason in the world why over 75 percent of the American people should be suffering from degenerative and deficiency  diseases. Disease never comes without  a cause. If a person  is  sick  and  ailing  it  is  because  he  has  been  doing something wrong. He needs an education in how to live a healthy life.”

Jay M. Hoffman, Ph.D.


Most people expect to be sick at least one or more times each year, to cope with at least one serious illness by midlife, and in all likelihood, to die of one or several diseases by their eighties, if not sooner. Most people also think poor health is mainly the result of bad luck and that their longevity is a matter of good fortune.

Nothing could be further from the truth. Poor health is not a matter of luck; poor health  is a matter  of choice.  We do not  “get”  sick.  We make  ourselves  sick  by making  bad choices  and, conversely,  we get healthy  and stay healthy  by making good  ones.  Most  people  feel  that  they  are  “healthy”  as  long  as  they  have  no symptoms of disease. Few people realize what optimal health really feels like—and even fewer accept the notion that a vigorous and healthy life beyond 100 years old is within reach. In reality, that kind of long life is what we should all routinely expect.

Meet the face of optimal health. His name is Jose Maria Roa, and he is 131 years old. Jose lives with his family in a small village, high in the Andes Mountains of Ecuador. While his face is weatherworn, his mind is keen, his heart is healthy, his teeth are strong and the lines around his face are born of smiles and the joy of a loving wife and family. Still working on his small farm every day and enjoying an active sex life, Jose fathered his last child at the age of 107. When asked if he’d ever been sick, he replied, “Yes, I have been.” Jose had a few colds—that’s  it—in 131 years! Until his death at 137, Jose remained in perfect health.

Surely this is not normal. Isn’t Jose a medical miracle, an aberration of nature? Not so. In his remote village, Jose’s health and longevity are far from unusual explains Morton Walker, D.P.M., whose 1985 book Secrets of Long Life is based on his study of these hardy people native to the Vilcabamba Valley. For instance, in his queries to the Vilcabambans about the mental health of their society, Walker asked if the older people suffered memory loss due to dementia. These long-lived people had never experienced anything like dementia. They didn’t understand the question and, in fact, did not even have words in their language to describe such a condition. Meanwhile, we are told that dementia is a disease of aging and the price we must pay for our so-called “longevity.” As I studied Jose—and people like him—I began to understand the potential that all humans have to be healthy.

In America today, we are usually told—and believe—that  illnesses like cancer, arthritis, dementia, osteoporosis, diabetes and heart disease are “diseases of aging,” but these chronic conditions are not the inevitable result of growing older. Rather, they are the inevitable result of living lifestyles that cannot support human health. In America today, these conditions are epidemic. Having achieved enormous advances in science and medicine, why are we experiencing the largest epidemic of chronic disease in human history?

As I studied patterns of health and disease, I made a profound discovery. I learned that disease does not just randomly happen; it occurs for specific reasons. We are not typically  perfectly  healthy until we “get” sick, nor does perfect  health return once  disease  has run its course. Although  we tend to perceive  life this way, the distinctions between health and disease are far less black and white. Remember your cells. Only after massive numbers of cells malfunction or die do you begin to notice symptoms of disease. In other words, you are already sick before you “get sick.” People who are truly healthy do not “get sick.”

If you stop to consider what it might be like to live in good health to a ripe old age, everything begins to seem different. This potential for health can be described as optimal health, where your cells are functioning as well as they possibly can. This level of health is almost guaranteed to keep disease at bay.

A Poor Record

Very few Americans  grow old in good health and die naturally from the aging process.  Instead,  we get  sick  and die from  entirely  preventable  diseases  such  as cancer,  heart  disease,  stroke  and  diabetes.  Preventing  these  health  problems  is simple,  and  I will  teach  you how to do it, but  first  realize  how dire  our  health problems really are.

The United States spends far more on health, in total and per capita, than any other nation in the world, but our overall health still ranks quite poorly. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the United States ranks thirty-seventh in overall health quality. It should serve as a wake-up call for all Americans when a third-world country like Oman spends only $334 per person per year on health and ranks eighth in the world, while the United States spends more than ten times that much  and  we  are  thirty-seventh.  Considering  what  we  spend  on  health  care, shouldn’t we be the healthiest nation on Earth? We are not.

People in their teens or early twenties should be at peak levels of health, right? Not in our society. Autopsies performed on accident victims of this age group in Los Angeles revealed that nearly 80 percent had early stages of heart disease; 15 percent had arteries that were more than half blocked. Had these young people survived, they would likely have been victims of a stroke or heart attack. They may have appeared

healthy and lived normal lives, but they were definitely not healthy.

It’s a matter of perspective. Our own ill health does not stand out when compared to our unhealthy friends and neighbors. The allergies, the colds, the flu, the arthritis, the premature aging—all of these seem perfectly normal. Because it is so common in  our  society,  we  have  come  to  believe  that  disease  is  an  inevitable,  natural, “normal” part of the aging process.

We mistake being able to function for being healthy. We perceive “sick” as being bedridden  or  housebound,  and  “healthy”  as  being  able  to  go  about  our  normal activities.  Healthy  does  not  merely  mean  being  ambulatory  and  free  of  obvious disease   symptoms. Healthy  means  functioning  at  the  highest  level  that  genetic capacity allows. As in other areas of life, recognizing and admitting the problem is half the battle. Unfortunately,  we are a sick population, growing sicker by the day and, worse yet, blind to our sickness.

According to  recent  estimates  in  medical  journals, including the April  1999

Effective    Clinical    Practice, three-fourths   of   the  American   population   has   a diagnosable chronic disease. We suffer from many health problems, and most of us take medications to deal with these problems. A 1997 national survey sponsored by Parade magazine  found that about two-thirds  of us regularly  take prescription  or over-the-counter drugs. This survey also reported that about two-thirds of Americans believe themselves to be in “good” or “excellent” health. My question to you is this: How  is  it  possible  to  be  in  good  health  if  you  are  taking  medications   and experiencing symptoms of sickness?

Even when statistical  evidence is presented, many people fail to recognize their own sickness  on a personal  level. For example,  most  people  with allergies  don’t think of themselves as having a chronic disease. Did you know that chronic allergic reactions tax the body and the immune system, making one much more susceptible to  infections  and  other  diseases?  Allergies  are  a  serious  immune  dysfunction disease,  not  just  a benign  inconvenience.  Every  allergic  reaction  does  long-term damage to the body; allergies reduce overall quality of life and ultimately reduce longevity. Healthy people do not have allergies.

We think we’re healthy, but we’re not. At a seminar I was leading, a man stood up and talked about how he jogged every day and how healthy he was. A few pointed questions later, it was revealed that this man had diabetes—the seventh-leading cause of death in America! Some groups assert that we are now healthier and living longer, but that claim seems like propaganda to me. The incidence of virtually every chronic disease continues to increase, and the health of the American people is in a long-term downtrend. In 1996, the Journal of the American Medical Association documented that  25  percent  of Americans under  age eighteen had at  least  one chronic disease. The disease rate increases to 45 percent between ages forty-five and sixty-five, and to 88 percent over age sixty-five.

Take diabetes, for example. In August 2000, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) announced its most recent statistics on the increases in rates of diabetes. In 1980, 2 percent of newly diagnosed cases of adult-onset diabetes were in people under age nineteen. In 2000, that number was approaching  a staggering 50 percent.  Separately,  in  just  eight  years  from  1990  to  1998,  diabetes  jumped  33 percent nationally and went up a whopping 70 percent among people ages thirty to thirty-nine. According to Dr. Frank Vinicor, the director of the CDC, “This kind of an  increase  in  just  eight  years  is  almost  unheard  of.”  The  experts  at  the  CDC cautioned that even these numbers understate the problem, because about one-third of American diabetics do not realize they have the disease.

Asthma is another example of how fast we are becoming sicker. The CDC reports that the number of Americans with asthma increased 61 percent between 1982 and

1994. Mortality from asthma increased 45 percent between 1985 and 1995. Asthma is now the leading cause of school absenteeism, and the death rate from asthma is increasing at a rate of 6 percent per year.

Obesity  is  another  increasing  problem  that  we  must  face.  Childhood  obesity doubled  from  1980  to  2000,  and  most  children  do  not  outgrow  this  problem. Childhood and teenage obesity affects lifelong health with a risk seven times higher for developing clogged arteries later in life. Did you know that more than one in five teenagers  are  overweight  and  that  almost  two  of  three  adults  are  overweight  or obese? Other diseases are increasing, too, including allergies, autoimmune disease, attention  deficit  disorders,  birth defects  and chronic  fatigue. Cancer  is now, after accidents,  the leading  cause  of death  for children,  and cancer  used to be rare in young people!

Would you believe that we have come to expect disease? That we believe in the certainty of sickness more than we believe in the certainty of wellness? That people expect to get sick to such a degree that they hold on to jobs they dislike, just to keep their health benefits? Talk about mixed-up priorities! We are accustomed to disease, and we expect it to occur. When we do get sick, we often feel victimized or helpless, as if struck by a bolt of lightning. We never think that we have done it to ourselves or that we might choose to do otherwise.

Leaving the Good Life

Our lifestyles have changed along with the evolution of what is broadly called “modern civilization.” Since the Industrial Revolution, changes have occurred in how we grow our foods, what kinds of food we consume, what we take into our bodies, the lifestyles we live and what we put into the environment. Many of these changes rob us of the nutrients our cells need in order to be healthy and expose us to toxins that interfere with normal cell function. An editorial by Joseph Scherger,

M.D., in the January 2000 Hippocrates said that “lifestyle factors now loom as the leading cause of premature death.”

As I began to discover the incredible health and longevity of certain healthy populations  around the world and to look at how these people lived their lives, I began to understand the potential for health. In contrast to the historically healthy populations I will tell you about (such as the Hunzas in northeastern Pakistan and other groups, such as the Vilcabambans and Cuenca Indians in Ecuador), the average American  is not doing well  at all. We significantly  compromise  our health  with nutritionally  deficient  diets,  environmental   toxins,  sedentary  lifestyles,  chronic stress, bad habits such as smoking and drug use, and lack of positive emotions and meaningful relationships, not to mention the damaging outcomes of symptom management  by  modern  medicine.  In  terms  of  deficiency  and  toxicity  (the  two causes of disease), here are examples of how lifestyle factors make us sick:

Nutrition Failures

•  Fruit  and  vegetable  plants  are  now  grown  with  artificial  fertilizers  that produce more food per acre, but these foods are not nearly as rich in nutritional content. Use of artificial fertilizers has led to depletion of minerals in the soil because  they do not add minerals  to replace  those being lost with each new crop. Soil depletion leads to nutritional deficiency in all of us.

• Since  foods  are  not  eaten  fresh  off  of the plant,  many  must  be harvested before they are ripe in order to prevent spoilage during transportation and distribution.  This premature  harvesting  does not allow food to reach its full nutritional maturity, thereby contributing to nutritional deficiency.

• The nutritional content of the food then further deteriorates as the food ages during storage, transportation and distribution.

• Food is often processed, further depleting its nutritional content, in order to make it easier to store and consume. Among these foods are flour, pasta, bread, sugar, and canned and packaged foods.

• Cooked foods are also nutritionally inferior to raw ones, and most of the

American diet consists of both processed and cooked foods.

Toxic Assaults

• The farming of large single crops has created new and serious problems of insect infestations, necessitating the use of insecticides. These insecticides, along with the use of herbicides and fungicides, have made food production methods a significant contributor to our toxic environment and food supply.

• The modern processed-food industry adds man-made preservatives, flavors, colors  and  other  toxic  chemicals  to  our  foods.  No  one  knows  what  the

combination of all these chemicals is doing to our bodies.

•  Energy  demands,  first  for  coal  and  now  for  gas  and  oil,  are  constantly polluting our environment.

• Virtually all of our industrial processes—from printing our daily newspapers to painting our homes and building cars and computers—have led to the introduction of tens of thousands of man-made chemicals into our environment, all of which put toxic loads into our bodies.

Over  the  past  century  or  so,  dramatic  changes  in  diet  and  environment  have created   a  society   of  nutritionally   deficient   and  chemically   toxic  Americans. Virtually all of the food we can buy in a modern supermarket is nutritionally inferior to the foods our ancestors consumed. The purity of the air and water our ancestors enjoyed no longer exists. But all is not lost. Sources do exist today where we can find  quality  foods  with  high  nutritional  content.  We  can  lower  our  daily  toxic exposure, but first we need to learn where to look and how to take charge. What I found helpful was to study those people who have already shown us the way.

Small populations of people in remote areas around the world have shown us how simply meeting the body’s needs along each of the six pathways can result in tremendous energy, stamina and lack of disease until age 120, 130 or even older. I will  tell  you  more  about  these  remarkable  people,  and  I  will  also  tell  how  the intrusions  of  “modern  civilization”  into  those  populations  since  the  1970s  have robbed them of their stunning health and longevity.

Recognizing Our Potential

While 75 is considered a ripe old age in our modern society, traditionally healthy societies  considered  75 more “middle  age.”  People  in these  societies  rarely  died before their 90s and commonly  lived well into their 100s, reaching 120, 130 and older—free  of disease.  In March  1961, an article  in the Journal  of the American Medical  Association reported on evidence that men in Hunza lived to be 120 and even 140 years old. Hunza men and women over 100 exhibited robust energy, in striking contrast to the epidemic of fatigue in our society. These people lived simply and without doctors or hospitals, without nursing homes. In America today we spend

$1.5 trillion a year on health care and tens of billions of dollars studying disease.

What is it buying us? Certainly not a long, disease-free life. Here’s an idea: Study health instead of disease!

So what is our potential for health? In his 1968 book Hunza, J. M. Hoffman, Ph.D., who had spent years studying the people of the remote Hunza Valley in the Himalayas, quoted prominent physicians and scientists, including the presidents of the American Medical Association and the International Association of Gerontology, as saying that humans should live to be 120 to 150 years old. Recent estimates in

biology journals project human life expectancy to exceed 135 years. Even the Bible itself prophesizes  a long life span:  “[Man’s]  days shall  be a hundred  and twenty years” (Gen. 6:3). Long life is our birthright. We should live to be at least 120, in vigorous health, maintaining physical and mental acuity.

In the state of California, actuarial calculations show that average life expectancy for females would be 100 if only one certain disease were eliminated—heart disease, which is entirely preventable through diet and lifestyle. Consider how much longer we might live by eliminating two or more diseases. Perhaps we have forgotten that health is our natural state. We blindly accept our average life span of seventy-six years; we accept that we will succumb to chronic and degenerative diseases.

Imagining entire populations who have lived far longer and healthier lives than we do  seems  inconceivable.  People  who  rarely,  if  ever,  suffered  from  any  disease, including  colds, allergies,  flu or even fatigue.  How were these people  able to do that? Their nutrition  was of high quality, their toxic exposure  was minimal,  they enjoyed  psychological  well-being  and  they  were  quite  physically  active.  Their everyday lifestyles, to a large degree, met all the factors necessary to support the six pathways toward health.

Let us learn from these people.

The Remarkable Hunzas

In a remote valley of the Himalayas, in what is now northeastern Pakistan, live the people of Hunza, who were renowned for their near-perfect health, robust energy and extraordinary longevity. Though they lived under what we would consider primitive conditions, they regularly lived into their hundreds, and often lived to be 120 to 140 years old. Their culture was not plagued with cancer, heart disease, ulcers, diabetes, allergies,   kidney   and   liver   disease,   arthritis,   asthma,   hypoglycemia,   mental disorders,  colds, flu, tooth decay or any of the other diseases  so common  in our society. Nor did they suffer from depression; several researchers described them as, “the happiest people in the world.” The Hunzas had clear minds, high intelligence, excellent memories, and enormous physical strength and stamina.

Many researchers went to Hunza in the early twentieth century—long before many of the advances of modern medicine— to study and write about these phenomenally healthy people. Sir Robert McCarrison, M.D., a prominent British physician, spent seven years living and doing research among the Hunzas, and he first brought the health of the Hunza people to world attention. In November 1921, Dr. McCarrison presented the results of his research at a meeting of the Society for Biological Research held at the University of Pittsburgh. He described the Hunzas as, “a race unsurpassed in perfection of physique and in freedom from diseases in general . . .” He found that chronic diseases, including cancer, were totally unknown.

(Cancer was unknown among these extraordinarily long-lived people, yet we are told that cancer is a disease of aging.)

Another researcher, J. I. Rodale, in his book, The Healthy Hunzas, reported that, “Colds are non-existent in Hunza.” He said it was not unusual to see men walking through snowdrifts  in the coldest  weather, barechested  and barefoot.  He observed one Hunza man travel sixty miles in a single day, by foot in mountainous  terrain, arriving back as if he had returned from a casual walk. Hunza women did not suffer menstrual  pain  or  any  of  the  other  female  complaints  of  our  society.  In Hunza, people  typically  died of old age in their  sleep,  without  experiencing  the chronic suffering that usually precedes death in our own society. The story of the Hunzas shows the potential for human health—how healthy human beings can perform.

As part of their leisure activities, the men of Hunza (from teenage to 120 years old)  performed  vigorous,  physically  demanding  folk  dances.  In  his  book Hunza, Hoffman described men in their seventies and eighties gliding through the air with the same grace and ease as those in their teens and twenties. Hoffman wrote: “The stamina of the people is beyond words. In fact men over a hundred years of age were observed going up these mountainsides just as though they were men of fifty. It is my belief that many American men of fifty years of age could not keep up with these Hunza men.”

What was it that allowed the Hunzas to achieve this amazing level of health? You probably  already  know the answer:  a combination  of a nutritious  diet, toxin-free environment, exercise, sleep, sunshine, fresh air and low-stress lifestyle. Given only two causes  of disease—deficiency  and toxicity—let  us examine  how the Hunzas kept their cells adequately supplied with nutrients and free of toxins, thus realizing optimal health and longevity. While we cannot replicate their lifestyle, we can see how far our own lifestyles fall short of these goals, and we can begin to understand how to make the kinds of changes that will bring us closer to our potential.

An Optimal Diet and Lifestyle

The  Hunza diet  was  highly nutritious, consisting mainly of  vegetarian foods grown in nutrient-rich soil. They irrigated their fields with mineral-rich water and composted all of their organic matter (leaves, straw, manure, etc.), to produce soils of the highest quality. Contrast their mineral-rich soils to U.S. soils which are depleted due to modern chemical farming. It doesn’t take a degree in agricultural science to know that if minerals are not in the soil, they do not get into the plant, and then they don’t get into you. In addition to fresh vegetables and fruits, the Hunzas ate whole grains that were exceptionally high in nutrients as opposed to the refined sugars and nutrient-depleted white flour that’s so prevalent in our diet. Only about

10 percent of the Hunza’s calories came from fat, as opposed to about 37 percent in the American diet. Eighty percent  of  their  foods were eaten fresh and raw. In

addition to being high in nutrition, their diet was low in toxins, meaning that their foods didn’t contain any cancer-causing  compounds  that come from exposures  to pesticides,  herbicides,  fungicides  and  other  agricultural  chemicals.  Along  with getting plenty of exercise by working the land and walking everywhere, the Hunzas also got adequate sleep. Since there was no artificial lighting in their village, they went to bed when it got dark and they woke up at daybreak, regardless of the time of the year.

So what are we to take from the Hunza’s habits? Should we quit our sedentary jobs and take up organic farming? Should we shun all supermarket foods and hide our head under the covers at sunset? While these options are surely not realistic, you can make some practical and positive changes in your lifestyle and this book will show you how. While  you don’t  have  to avoid  supermarkets  altogether,  you can learn how to avoid filling your cart with the most toxic foods in the grocery aisles (some of which you might wrongly assume are “healthy” for you!) and paying good money for food that is actually killing you. You can learn how to prepare your foods in ways that don’t rob them of their nutrients and how to avoid cooking your foods by methods  that  compromise  your  health. You  can  become  aware  of  what  toxic chemicals are lurking in your environment in everyday products and choose healthy alternatives instead. You can see how making a few simple changes in your sleeping habits will restore your body’s natural rhythms and allow your body ample time to rejuvenate. You can make informed decisions about which medical treatments you need, and which are actually  hurting your health. So, you see, you don’t have to move to the Andes Mountains to find health; you can live a long and healthy life in your own town.

And what, you may wonder, would happen to these mighty Hunzas if they lived in your  town—with  a  fast  food  restaurant  on  every  corner?  The  results  shouldn’t surprise you. The Hunzas were geographically isolated from the outside world. The one treacherous  road into the Hunza  Valley  was closed  nine  months  of the year because of the weather, and the road was not all that inviting during the remaining three months. This isolation allowed the Hunzas to live in their traditional, customary, and close-knit familial and social groups, almost up until the present day.  Had  the  Hunza  Valley  been  more  accessible, modern  culture  would  have intruded and damaged the health of this population sooner than it did, and we would have  lost  our  opportunity to  learn  from  them.  Eventually, modern  foods  were introduced into the Hunzas’ lives when the first all-weather road was built through the mountain passes and into their valley in the 1970s, making this area more accessible to “civilization.” “Civilized foods,” such as white sugar, white flour, white rice, cola drinks, coffee, processed oils and alcohol were introduced. Fresh, homegrown, whole foods were replaced with the processed and toxic foods that make up much of  the diet  we eat  today. This exposure to modern culture had

tremendously detrimental health effects on the Hunza population.

What  is  especially  notable  is  how rapidly  a modern  diet  will  cause  health  to decline. Researchers have noted that health begins to deteriorate within six months of introducing modern diets into populations previously eating only their traditional foods. The Hunzas were an incredibly  healthy population  just a few decades  ago. Today, they face increasing levels of chronic disease—just like the rest of the “civilized” world. However, because of their prior isolation, the Hunzas provided a perfect  control  group—an  ideal  people  for  the  study  and  measurement  of  the potential for human health.

If the Hunzas had been the only extraordinarily  healthy people in the world, we might dismiss their health as an aberration. However, numerous other examples of long-lived and healthy populations are available, including people living in mountainous areas of Bulgaria and Hungary, the island of Crete, the lake district of Titicaca  in Peru, the Vilcabamba  Valley  in Ecuador,  and the Caucasus  region  of Russia. They all have a similar story. They eat high-quality, nutritious foods. They get a lot of exercise and plenty of fresh air, sleep and sunshine. They live a life of low stress  in communities  that  emphasize  family  and human  relationships.  As a result, they enjoy a level of health and quality of life that we can barely imagine.

Unsanitary Conditions, but Healthy People

In another  region of Ecuador,  we find another  story of superior  resiliency  and longevity:  the Indians  of the mountainous  region of Cuenca.  In his book, How to Survive Modern Technology,  Charles McGee, M.D., reports experiences he had as a Project Hope physician in this region, starting in 1965. McGee had awesome tales to tell about the resilience of these people, who ate excellent diets and lived low-stress lifestyles. Otherwise, however, their living conditions were what we would consider primitive. These Indians usually walked around barefoot and lived in one-room, dirt- floored houses that had no glass in the windows. They had extremely poor sanitary conditions, no running water, no toilet facilities, and their animals wandered haphazardly in and out of their living spaces. As a result of these filthy conditions and a contaminated water supply, infant mortality was very high from bacterial and parasitic  infections.  (Infants  are  more  susceptible  to  infections  because  their immune systems are not yet fully developed.) Examinations of the local children showed that 95 percent had intestinal parasites.

Given the above, one would certainly expect these Indians to be sickly and weak. To the contrary, McGee found them to have perfect teeth, extremely high resistance to infections and amazing resistance to physical trauma resulting from accidents. He described incidents where he treated a man with a ruptured bladder (from a bus accident) and a woman with a ruptured uterus (from childbirth). McGee said that, considering the severity of the damage and the quality of the medical facilities,

neither of these people “should have” survived. These people not only survived, they walked home to their mountain villages after treatment at McGee’s hospital. Yes, by our   standards,   they   should   not   have   survived;   however,   our   standards   are substandard.

Our assumptions about the capabilities of the human body are significantly underestimated.  The  good  nutrition  of  these  people  contributed  to  their  cellular health, which allowed them to recover from severe injuries that would have probably killed the typical American. Likewise, absent in these Indians were the typical American diseases, such as heart disease, cancer, diabetes, allergies, asthma, senility and mental illness. Also compelling is that in one year of doing surgery, under very basic and unsanitary conditions, McGee observed only one postoperative infection; in   modern,   technologically   advanced   hospitals,   infections   are   bewilderingly rampant. In fact, many people in our society are afraid of hospitals for this exact reason. The resistance to disease of these Indians, under exceptionally challenging conditions, was truly amazing.

Germs and parasites are everywhere, and we have been living with them for millennia. Despite the presence of intestinal parasites in most of the Cuenca, few of them ever became sick from them. Only since the germ theory, and the discovery of microscopic organisms, has medicine focused so obsessively on isolating and killing germs.  Medicine  has  developed  few or  no protocols  for  promoting  basic  human health and immunity, yet promoting health is the only thing that consistently works, as we can see from these healthy populations. The Cuenca had virtually none of the diseases  that  are so common  among  us. Why?  Because  they were fundamentally healthy—that is, they had healthy cells.

McGee contrasted their superior health to the poor health of the population of a nearby city, where toxic junk foods like sugar, white flour, soda pop and white rice had been  available  for several  years.  In this city, not  surprisingly,  heart  attacks, diabetes and other chronic diseases had begun to appear.

Modern “Progress”— Toward Deterioration

Having seen how healthy people are capable of performing, living long lives free of disease and enjoying boundless energy, why, with all of our technology, are we doing so poorly by comparison? The many changes we have made in modern society have taken us away from the factors that enhance health and created new conditions that damage health. Never before, in all of human history, have so many health- related factors changed so rapidly and so completely. The basic nutritional, environmental and behavioral dimensions of our society have been severely and

rapidly  altered.  Since  the  Industrial  Revolution,  and  especially  during  the  past century, humanity has:

• Completely changed its diet.

• Created a new environment.

• Developed new patterns of behavior and lifestyle.

Granted, in this millennium,  most of us simply cannot grow our own food and harvest it when ripe, walk to our destinations, or totally avoid the stresses of modern industrial society. However, in recognizing what contributed to the health of traditionally  healthy  people,  combined  with  an  understanding  of  the  significant changes we have made to our own environments and lifestyles, we can begin to see how we must compensate. We need to learn how to create healthy habits for living within our modern ways of life.

Our way of life is completely different from the lives of even a century ago. From a personal standpoint, these changes have been made too slowly for us to notice, but from an evolutionary  standpoint,  they have come rapidly—  much too rapidly for healthy adaptation by our bodies and minds.

The Web of Life

Choosing health would be easy if only one factor were involved. However, no one factor determines our health. Rather, our state of health is the end result of countless biological and behavioral interrelationships called the “web of life.” Unwittingly, we have been busy pulling this web apart, through the fundamental  changes we have made in our diet, our environment and our behavior. Everything relates to everything else; making a change in one part of the web affects the rest of it.

We are learning that life support systems are more interdependent and delicately balanced than we ever realized. No one fully understands how it all works. The web is as big and complex as the planet itself, and as some scientists suggest, as big as the universe. But the fact that we do not understand it thoroughly certainly should not prevent us from using what we do know for protecting and supporting our health right now.

Acting on our knowledge of the factors described in the chapters about the six pathways can take us beyond “health” as we have come to accept it. We have seen traditionally healthy people such as the Hunzas achieve a potential for human health that is truly awesome, but to achieve a high level of health in our society requires knowledge, commitment and a willingness to try new things. It can be done. While none of us can or probably want to revert to living a primitive lifestyle, we can, with a few changes in diet and lifestyle, improve our health and quality of life.




“The most basic weapons in the fight against disease are the most  ignored  by  modern  medicine: the numerous  nutrients  the cells  of our  bodies  need. If our body cells are ailing—as  they must be in disease—the chances are excellent that it is because they are being inadequately provisioned.”

Roger J. Williams, Ph.D.

Nutrition Against Disease

Modern medicine  believes  that  thousands  of diseases  exist, each with different causes and treatments. This belief has led to a system of medicine so complex and baffling that physicians resort to protocols that merely suppress symptoms. By suppressing  symptoms  rather  than addressing  causes,  diseases  remain  chronic.  In this chapter, you will learn a new approach. This new theory of health and disease is a model that recognizes not thousands of diseases but only one disease, along with only two causes of disease. This simple model of disease is so powerful that it can enable you to go beyond health as you have experienced it and never be sick again.

One Disease—Two Causes— Six Pathways

A real  understanding  of the relationship  between  health  and disease  cannot  be achieved through knowledge of germs, inherited genes, medicines, surgery, or any of the  many  “diseases”  that  make  people  sick.  Keeping  up  with  these  subjects  is complex and doesn’t really help people to take care of themselves. What we need right now are solutions for good health. The time is ripe to simplify:  Understand what your cells need, how they work and what causes them to malfunction. Your cells are what make your life possible.

There is only one disease: malfunctioning cells.

When cells malfunction, the body is no longer able to maintain homeostasis (balance) by regulating and repairing itself. This is the essence of disease, no matter what you call it or how it happens. Because only one disease exists, all we need to do is prevent the causes of that one disease.

There are only two causes of disease:

deficiency and toxicity.

All you have to do for health is to give your cells what they need and protect them from what they don’t need. Cells malfunction only if they suffer from a lack of nutrients (deficiency), toxic damage (toxicity) or a combination of both. Preventing

these two causes of disease is made possible by our ability to choose how we live our  lives.  Health  depends  on  the  choices  we  make.  These  choices  fall  into  six categories, or pathways.

There are six pathways between health and disease: nutrition, toxin, psychological, physical, genetic and medical.

The body knows how to take care of itself, provided it has what it needs to do so. Good choices  along the six pathways  provide  for the needs  of your body just as sunshine, water and rich soil provide for the needs of a houseplant. These concepts are not complicated;  in fact they are incredibly simple. We just become lost along the way sometimes  because  we don’t have a sound theory of health and disease. Well, now we do: one disease, two causes, six pathways. Applying this theory can restore balance to your cells and support your cells’ natural ability to self-regulate and repair damage. Along each of the six pathways, I teach you in this book how to prevent the two causes of disease. Using this knowledge, you can restore health and prevent future sickness.

The Need to Simplify

At  the  time  of  my  illness,  despite  my  scientific  education  and  background,  I probably knew as much, or as little, about disease as most people. I thought that disease  was something  that  came  from  germs  and from  genetic  predisposition.  I thought  disease  was  something  that  happened  to the unlucky,  the starving,  or to those  who  really  abused  themselves,  such  as  alcoholics  and  drug  addicts.  My physician said that my problems were the result of aging, as opposed to something that I had unknowingly chosen and could choose to reverse.

During my recovery process, I realized that I would have been able to prevent my illness if I had understood the causes of disease. I realized that as long as disease remained something mysterious, complicated and difficult to understand, then only the high priests of medicine—the educated experts we call doctors—would be able to deal with it. What if we could all understand what causes disease? Wouldn’t we be empowered to prevent disease? Can we actually do that? Can we distill simple truth from this complex mystery? Throughout man’s history, great advancements in science have often come from people who were able to take extraordinarily complex subjects and simplify them. In this chapter we are trying to simplify the concepts of health and disease.

Simplifying Disease

Consider this: Rather than thousands of diseases, there is only one disease. Does this sound ridiculous? Probably, but that is because we are conditioned to think of many different diseases, rather than recognizing what is common to all disease. The most  difficult  aspect  of this  theory  is that  it  requires  you to look  at  health  and disease in a completely different way. Using the concept of one disease dramatically simplifies how we perceive disease in general.

To simplify disease, we must first have an understanding  of what disease is. In order to do that, we need a basic understanding of cells. Every plant and animal on earth is made of cells—the smallest unit of life. Fossil records show that the earliest forms of life were single-celled organisms. Likewise, each human being started as one cell—a single cell encoded with all of the information needed to develop into the vastly complex, multitrillion-celled organisms that we are today.

Each of us is made of about seventy-five trillion cells. Not all of these cells are the same. Humans have over 200 different types of cells (nerve cells, blood cells, muscle cells, bone cells, etc.), forming many different types of tissues that enable us to eat, breathe, feel, move, think and reproduce. Together, cells combine to form the building blocks of biological structure and function. All of these cells communicate with each other and rely on these communications in order to keep us alive and well. Healthy  cells  make  healthy  tissues,  which  are  highly  resistant  to  disease  and physical injury. Unhealthy cells create unhealthy tissues, which are quite susceptible to both disease and injury.

What Is Disease?

Each  cell  must  perform  specific  tasks  in order  to collaborate  effectively  with other cells in the body. If all of your cells are healthy, these tasks are well executed and the body functions at optimal levels. If all of your cells are healthy, you cannot be sick. If, for any reason, a cell starts to malfunction, it is less able to perform its assigned tasks, which is where problems can begin. When such malfunction occurs in a large enough number of cells to impair the body’s ability to self-repair and self- regulate, disease occurs.

The scientific term for a cell that is malfunctioning is cytopathy (cyto referring to cell, and pathy to sickness or disease). As fantastically complex as we humans are, the fundamental concept of disease is simple. Disease is the result of a large number of  malfunctioning  cells  (widespread  cytopathy). This  definition is  not  fancy  or eloquent; it may even seem absurdly simple. However, it is a profound, precise and irrefutable definition of disease. This definition is so simple that no one—scientist, physician or layperson—can deny it. This definition provides the unifying theory of health and disease that the modern medical establishment lacks, which is the reason

that modern medicine is unable to address the current epidemic of chronic disease.

Perhaps you are thinking, “But wait! Disease is much more complex than that! What about genetic predisposition? What about bacterial and viral infection? What about  cancer?  What  about  AIDS?  What  about  .  .  .  ?”  True,  many  factors  may conspire in contributing to the malfunction of our cells and the many different ways in which they can malfunction. In the end, though, cellular malfunction creates the measurable abnormalities that we call disease. Therefore, no matter which cells malfunction, or why they malfunction, the malfunction is the one disease.

A person cannot be sick unless a large number of cells are malfunctioning.  The first steps on the path to disease are taken when, for whatever reason, a single cell begins to malfunction, and then another cell and another. When the number grows large enough, we may begin to notice. We may “feel sick” along the way, perhaps experiencing a pain here, a discomfort there or a lack of energy. By the time your health has deteriorated  into a diagnosable  chronic disease, no cell may be left in your body that is still functioning optimally. I am astounded when people describe their health problems and then claim that, “other than this,” they are in excellent health!

Unfortunately, modern medicine finds itself mired in complexity, confronted with numerous  diseases,  diagnoses  and  treatments.  Lost  in the  midst  of  thousands  of different  diseases  (each  supposedly  with  its  own  unique  causes),  physicians  are unable to effectively diminish disease in our society. A simpler and more effective solution  is to focus  on the process—the  one disease—and  to ask what  causes  it. When you understand  disease as a process, rather than a “thing” to be cut out or suppressed, then you see why surgery and drugs, virtually the only tools of the physician, are limited in what they can do.

The Two Causes of Disease

Cellular malfunction is the essence of disease. But why does it happen? Cells can malfunction in a multitude of ways, and the biochemistry of these malfunctions can be exceedingly complex. All malfunctions can be reduced to two causes: deficiency and toxicity.  Deficiency means that cells are lacking something that they need in order to function the way they are designed to function. Toxicity means that cells are poisoned by something that inhibits proper function. Either one of these factors— and usually a combination of both—can and will cause disease.

One of the great scientific minds of the twentieth century, biochemist Dr. Roger Williams, wrote, “Body cells in general die for two reasons: First, because they do not get everything they need; second, because they get poisoned by something they decidedly do not need.” Humans can live long and healthy lives if we do two things right: provide our cells with all of the nutrients they need and protect our cells from toxins. To the extent that we can accomplish these tasks well, we can significantly

extend the length and the quality of our lives. In the real world, these two tasks are never accomplished perfectly. As a result, cells suffer, we age, the quality of life is diminished and we die. The variable in this sequence is how fast we allow this to happen.

What about other causes of disease, such as genetic inheritance and infections by microorganisms? Yes, genes and germs trigger cellular malfunction, but they do so by causing deficiencies or toxicities, which are always the common denominators of disease. Eliminate  these factors and you eliminate  disease. For example, consider diseases  with  a  genetic  basis,  such  as ALD  (adrenoleukodystrophy),  the  genetic disease featured in the movie Lorenzo’s  Oil.  People with ALD develop abnormally high levels of very long-chain fatty acids, which are molecules that are natural to the body. These fatty acids can build up to levels that are toxic to cells. This toxicity is the result of a genetically caused deficiency of special protein molecules that keep these fatty acid levels within normal limits. Lorenzo’s parents compensated for the genetic deficiency by supplementing their son’s diet with a combination of oils that helped to lower the level of the offending  fatty acids, thereby reducing  the toxic effect on his body. What caused Lorenzo’s disease? Was it genetics? Yes, but for his disease to manifest, his cells had to be deficient and toxic. Deficiency and toxicity are always the common denominators of all disease. The same is true of infections from microorganisms. Anthrax, for example, makes us sick and kills by producing toxins.  Without  deficiency  and toxicity  causing  cells  to malfunction,  there  is no disease.

What  about  stress? Hasn’t  that been proven to cause disease?  True, stress is a major  factor  that  contributes  to  disease.  Chronic  stress  results  in  an  excessive buildup of natural chemicals  in the body, which at higher levels become toxic. In addition, stress depletes the body of certain nutrients, resulting in deficiency. Stress is a contributor to disease, but only by expressing itself through the common denominators of all disease: deficiency and toxicity.

Deficiency  and toxicity, regardless  of their cause, increasingly  compromise  the functioning of cells, making a person steadily more vulnerable to developing a diagnosable disease. By the time you contract a diagnosable disease (whether we’re talking  about  the  common  cold,  allergies,  cancer  or  heart  disease),  you  have probably been “sick” for a long time. You have suffered enough cellular damage from deficiency and toxicity that cells throughout your body are malfunctioning. You are sick long before you get sick. By the time symptoms are produced, cellular malfunction has become widespread, cell-to-cell communications have been disrupted and the systemic manifestations are the symptoms. Remember that disease does not just randomly happen, like a meteorite falling out of the sky. Health, not disease, is the natural state of human existence, but forgetting this point is easy when we see all the disease around us.

Symptoms Versus the One Disease

Our society’s current understanding of disease is based on the concept of symptomology.   Symptomology is  about  focusing  on,  identifying  and  categorizing symptoms—in other words, the effects produced by disease. In this manner, doctors supposedly  can  differentiate  one  disease  from  another.  Because  the  entirety  of modern medicine  and everything  we have ever learned about disease  is based on symptomology, the concept of only one disease may seem unacceptably simplistic. Actually the symptomology concept is the flawed one.

Symptomology is based on a fundamental misconception, one held by virtually all medical establishments in Western society. The misconception is that thousands of different diseases exist, each with different symptoms, causes and treatments. This misconception stems from the many different ways that cells can malfunction, and therefore  the thousands  of different  symptoms  that can be produced.  The modern medical  treatment  of  almost  all  disease  focuses  on  the  management  of  these symptoms  (the  effects  of disease),  rather  than  eliminating  the causes,  which  are deficiency and toxicity. People are told to take insulin to manage their blood sugar rather than eliminating their diabetes, or to take diuretics to treat their hypertension rather  than  normalizing  their  blood  pressure.  They  are  told  to  have  a  bypass operation rather than reversing their heart disease or to undergo chemotherapy rather than healing their cancer.

Diagnosis  by symptoms  is the  process  by which  modern  medicine  gives  each collection of symptoms a particular  name. Medicine views symptoms as enemies, and  physicians  are  trained  to  eliminate  them,  even  if  that  means  aggressively assaulting   the   body   with   dangerous   toxins,   radiation   or   invasive   surgery. Symptomology  leads  the  medical  profession  to  look  at  symptoms  individually, organize them into thousands of categories, label them as different diseases and then prescribe a currently accepted protocol to suppress those symptoms. This approach adds needless complexity,  creates massive confusion and results in an inability to deal with disease in a meaningful way.

In truth, each collection of symptoms—each specific “disease”—is just a different expression of malfunctioning cells. However, with all of our different types of cells, and all of the different ways in which each cell can malfunction, the number of possible combinations of symptoms becomes vast. In other words, when cells malfunction, we may feel sick in many different ways.

Cells that are malfunctioning because of a vitamin C deficiency exhibit different symptoms than those malfunctioning because of a zinc deficiency. Cells malfunctioning because of  lead  toxicity exhibit  different  symptoms from  those malfunctioning because of mercury toxicity. Various combinations of deficiencies and toxicities produce a myriad of complex symptoms (thousands of “diseases”), but the symptoms are not relevant. To solve any problem, you have to address the

causes, not the symptoms.

Modern  medicine,  by placing  the  focus  on symptoms,  has  yet  to develop  any theory  regarding  the  relationship  between  health  and  disease.  Medicine  looks  at these as if they are two different states, while health and disease are really different sides of the same coin in a constantly shifting continuum. Lacking a practical theory, physicians have no framework in which to understand health or how to help patients achieve  it, like being  lost  in a vast  jungle  without  a map or compass.  Narrowly trained, our physicians are taught the art of surgery and the administration of drugs as tools to manage symptoms. If the only tool you have is a hammer, so the saying goes, then every problem  looks like a nail. If you go to a conventionally  trained physician, then medicine’s “hammers”—surgery  and drugs—are what you receive. Unfortunately,  these tools are designed to manage and suppress symptoms, not to cure disease.

For a more meaningful understanding of disease (cellular malfunction), we must consider the health of our cells. Remember  that noticeable  health problems begin when  a  large  number  of  cells  malfunction.  As  this  happens,  important  cellular chemicals  are not produced,  cell-to-cell  communications  become  garbled  and the body ceases to regulate itself properly. Our tissues suffer and noticeable symptoms appear,  e.g.,  allergies,  fatigue,  aches  and  pains,  colds,  flu,  depression,  anxiety, cancer or any of thousands of other complaints.

Categorizing and suppressing the symptoms of malfunctioning cells does not fix the problem. This approach  cannot  explain why the problem  occurred in the first place, cannot prevent the problem from happening again and cannot prevent it from appearing elsewhere in the body. The only “cure” is to restore our cells and tissues to health.

What Is Health?

Everybody thinks they know what health is, but people asked to define it give you many different answers. In order to define health, perhaps we first should provide the definition of health used in modern medicine: “Health is the absence of disease.” This medical school lesson is not a very good definition. For medicine to recognize disease, it must be diagnosable. You are not sick until the day the physician can diagnose something. The absence of diagnosable disease is not a good working definition  of  health. Modern medicine has no way of recognizing or diagnosing disease when your health is in its initial decline. When I was sick and already experiencing disturbing symptoms, my physician pronounced me in excellent health. He had never been taught how to notice and measure my already extensive decline in health. We are considered sick only after the problem has become serious enough to produce symptoms that fit neatly into one of medicine’s disease categories. This way of looking at health is not helpful, productive or self-empowering. Health is

much more than the absence of a diagnosable disease.

When your cells are functioning as they should, you have ample adaptive capacity to thrive in our constantly changing environment without ill effects. With properly functioning cells, you have strong resilience to various kinds of stress— physical, chemical, biological  and emotional. You have the ability to make daily repairs to your cells, the ability to build healthy new ones, and the ability to efficiently remove pathogenic microorganisms  and toxins from your body. You become an optimally balanced organism, with integrated mental and physical equilibrium. Perhaps most important  is  that  achieving  good  cellular  health  gives  our  society  the  ability  to produce healthy offspring.

While the above descriptions explain the practical effects of health, they still do not offer a single, concrete definition of health. In order to clearly define health, as a concept  concrete  enough  to  be  understood  and  discussed,  let  us  work  with  the following definition:

Health is the state wherein all cells are functioning optimally.

Never are all of our cells functioning perfectly, so the challenge is to keep cellular malfunction  to  a  minimum.  Even  in  healthy  people,  cells  are  constantly  being damaged, dying and being replaced. Our bodies produce more than 10 million new cells every second, as we constantly  rebuild our tissues. How healthy are each of these new cells? If we replace sick cells with sick cells, we will never recover. As cells die off are we replacing them with healthy cells or sick cells?

Who Succumbs to Disease?

Only sick people become sick. Once you start to compromise health, a cascade of events follow. Once a critical number of cells begin to malfunction, internal communications  and self-regulation  systems  become  debilitated  and destabilized. As the number of compromised cells increases, the effects are compounded. Before anyone can exhibit  noticeable signs  of  disease, normal  cell  function has  to  be compromised significantly throughout the  body. Vulnerability to  infections, for example, is created by widespread cellular malfunction. An infection indicates that cellular malfunction already has weakened the immune system. Having a cold or the flu is an alarm screaming at you that all is not well, because healthy people resist infections in the first place. Few of us pay attention to these alarms. We think that having a cold or the flu is normal, and that once the symptoms are gone we are well again. Not so.

The level of your health and immunity determines whether or not the presence of a microorganism results in an infection. You are already sick before you come down with  an  infection. Otherwise everybody who is exposed to a given “bug” would

become sick, which is not the case. Contrary to the common notion that we “catch” diseases, people become sick only after their cellular health is already compromised. Disease (cellular malfunction)  comes first; active infections and chronic problems follow.

The skeptic says, “But he was born with asthma and suffered from it as an infant.” “She was in the best of health, took great care of herself, and then suddenly  got breast cancer.” Although we hear these kinds of statements frequently, the notion is flawed that a person is a powerless victim of disease. This way of looking at events comes  from  living  in a society  that  does  not  have  an accurate  understanding  of disease, or of what is required to create and maintain health.

Think of the historically healthy societies, such as the Hunzas. These people implicitly  understood  what  they  needed  to  maintain  their  health.  They  lived  far longer than we do, without the chronic degenerative diseases from which we suffer. The principles  of good health were built into their beliefs and lifestyles.  The key lesson to be learned from these people is this:

Healthy people do not get sick.

Most of us have not learned to think this way. We grow up in a society where almost everyone has a chronic disease. We have been taught, through experience, that disease is a “normal” part of the aging process. Diseased people are typically seen as the helpless victims of an inevitable and “natural” process. Especially when the symptoms  of disease  develop  suddenly,  people  feel surprised  and victimized. Yet,  the  two  causes  were  there  all  the  time,  gradually  wearing  down  cellular competence and creating an opportunity for disease to “strike.”

As  part  of  the  body’s  normal  maintenance  and  repair  process,  old  cells  are constantly being replaced with new ones. If new cells are not built with proper raw materials, they will be unhealthy and weak. Such cells are unable to perform their normal  tasks,  including  routine  repairs,  and  will  be  vulnerable  to  sickness  and injury. Ultimately, the body’s self-regulation  systems will break down. Because of the poor diets and the toxic environment in our society, cells are often deficient and toxic when first created, becoming progressively more so over time. This situation is precarious, with a large number of cells either malfunctioning or functioning at a borderline level. Similar to walking a tightrope, falling off is easy. Any number of stressful factors can affect a person adversely who is already deficient and toxic, be it a stressful event, a pathogenic organism, a night out on the town, a physical injury or even a lengthy airplane flight. Almost any challenge to a compromised system can be the straw that breaks the overburdened camel’s back.

Though painful to acknowledge, disease sufferers invariably (if unknowingly) have made poor choices leading to illness. In the case of sick children, the parents have made the poor choices.

We are not taught that we have the ability to and, in fact, need to consistently make meaningful choices about our health. Instead, when we become sick we look to something  outside  of  ourselves  to  explain  our  “misfortune.”  We  look  for  some obvious  circumstance  that  can explain  why we are sick. Do these  excuses  sound familiar? “I walked outside in the cold air and . . .” or “So and so was coughing and sneezing near me at work and . . .” or “Everybody at little Ricky’s school is sick, it’s no wonder that . . .” or “Obesity runs in my family . . .” We are accustomed to ill health  as something  that  mysteriously  lands  on us. We  fail  to see  our  own role regarding its development. When invited to consider illness as the result of our poor choices,  usually  we  reject  such  a  notion. By  placing  the  blame  for  sickness  on excuses, we relieve ourselves of responsibility.

However, accepting responsibility for our health can be enormously empowering. The overall competence of cells— determined by relative levels of deficiency and toxicity—are the sole determinants of health. Learn how to embrace health and avoid illness by educating yourself in how to make healthful choices that lower your levels of deficiency and toxicity and promote your cellular health.

In Which Direction Is Your Health Moving?

Some of the time we are sick, and most of the time we are well. This variability in our individual health is almost exclusively the result of the choices we make. In this fluctuation, sickness is not the absolute opposite of health. Health and sickness are not fixed concepts  and they cannot  be defined  in black-and-white  terms. Instead, consider  your  health  as  a  constantly  changing  continuum.  Consider  the  balance between sickness and health as a scale, with optimal health at one end, and death at the other. Somewhere in between is a diagnosable disease. As life progresses, your position on the scale shifts, moving back and forth all the time. At any time, it is worthwhile to ask: Where am I on this scale? In which direction on this scale am I moving?

The Health and Performance Scale shown on the next page is simple but effective, serving to illustrate the relationship between sickness and health. In considering this diagram, remember our definitions of health and disease. Optimal health (on the far right) is that theoretical state in which every cell is functioning optimally and you are absolutely as healthy as your genetic capacity allows. This condition is called homeostasis—when the body is perfectly in balance and continually is fine-tuning itself to maintain that balance. Very few Americans are at this end of the scale, but we should strive toward this goal. Between optimal health and death is diagnosable disease. In this state, cellular malfunction is occurring on such a large scale that the symptoms of a medically defined disease are produced. On the far left of the scale is death—where all cells have ceased to function.

The Health and Performance Scale

©2002 Beyond Health

Tragically,  more  than  three  out  of  four Americans  have  medically  significant cellular  malfunction—a   diagnosable  disease  of  some  kind.  The  overwhelming majority of us are somewhere between diagnosable disease and death!

Think about your personal health equation, your position on this Health and Performance  Scale.  Do  you  have  a  diagnosable  disease?  If  so,  you  are  located between disease and death. Even without having a diagnosable disease, your health may be far from optimal. Fortunately, your position on this continuum is not static; it can change depending on your choices.

No matter your age or your current state of health, you have the power to change the direction in which you are going and how rapidly you move on the Health and Performance Scale. I learned this firsthand, in making powerful life-saving choices, after it was declared a medical certainty that I would die. I learned it again years later, after witnessing the illness and extraordinary recovery of an elderly woman.

A family called me to ask for help with their bedridden and senile mother. This woman was ninety-four years old and unable to get out of bed; sometimes she recognized  her family  and knew where  she was, at other  times  she did not. Her children loved her very much and did not want to place her in a nursing home, yet the burden of her care had become too much for them. With nowhere else to turn, they asked if there was anything I could recommend. My reply was, “Probably not.” Given the woman’s debilitated condition, I assumed that her health had deteriorated beyond repair. At a certain point, enough cellular machinery has been damaged that sufficient  repairs  can  no  longer  be  made.  Though I  was  pessimistic about  the likelihood of any improvement, the family asked for my advice anyway. In retrospect, I found out that I still had a lot to learn about the capacity of the human body to heal itself.

I started out by recommending some specific vitamin supplements to help supply certain key nutrients to her cells. When I asked what she was eating, the first item they mentioned was milk. After years of study, I had come to realize that cow’s milk is not an appropriate food for any human being. For someone in her condition, cow’s milk was almost certainly putting a toxic load on her already struggling body. I recommended that they stop feeding her milk. As I hung up the phone, I doubted that these suggestions would have much of an impact or that I would ever hear from

them again. Two weeks later the phone rang with gleeful reports of her “miraculous”

improvement. She was getting out of bed, going to the bathroom and getting dressed

—all   by   herself.   She   was   walking   around   the   house   and   having   rational conversations  with  her  family.  A miracle?  No,  just  a  movement  of  her  health equation in the right direction. By addressing her cellular deficiency and toxicity, this woman’s  body began once again to repair and regulate  itself. Indeed, I have learned  that  almost  anyone  can  alter  his  or  her  health  equation  in  a  positive direction.

Sickness never happens without a cause. The cause is usually our own ignorance of or disregard for our personal health equations. So how can you avoid getting sick? Simple. Make the kind of health-conscious life choices that optimize your personal health equation. We live in a fast-paced society that has created an environment and adopted diets, lifestyles and behaviors that do not support human health. If we want to be healthy, we have to make choices that significantly deviate from the diet and lifestyle of the average American. Eating a “normal” diet and living a “normal” life are virtually guaranteed to make you sick. To prevent this from happening, you must be proactive. As Joseph D. Beasley, M.D., said in The Kellogg Report, “In the long run, individuals cannot be better than their biology—as affected by their nutrition, ecology, and lifestyle.”

The key to never  having  to be sick again is the ability  to choose  between  the things that are healthy and the things that are not. This sounds simple, but accurate information about what is healthy is hard to come by. Next, let’s look at a definition and an overview of each of the six pathways between health and disease and explain how knowledge of them can lead to better decisions about health.

The Six Pathways Between

Health and Disease

Having read this far, has your perspective on health and disease changed? Are you becoming accustomed to the theory of one disease and two causes? You have learned that if your cells malfunction to the degree that they interfere with your body’s ability to balance and regulate itself, you are diseased.

Whether you are suffering from the flu, cancer, diabetes, depression or something else, cellular malfunction is always the essence of the problem.

The tool that I developed to help myself make better choices is the six pathways. As demonstrated, your personal health equation is always in flux; depending on the choices you make, you will move either in the direction of optimal health or in the direction of disease and death. This movement occurs along the six pathways. These six pathways are like six different roads; each spans the distance between health and

disease. Depending on the choices made along each pathway, you are moving toward one or the other. The six pathways  concept  provides  a framework  through which informed, logical, health-enhancing choices can be made.

The pathways are:

• Nutrition

• Toxin

• Psychological

• Physical

• Genetic

• Medical

A  holistic  approach   to  health  requires   attention   to  all  of  these  pathways. Consistent movement in the wrong direction along any of them can lead to cellular malfunction, breakdown of self-regulation and diagnosable disease. Continuous movement in the right direction leads to optimal health and performance.

By learning about the six pathways,  you can have a clear understanding  of the different ways that health can be influenced. You will be empowered to mitigate the negative effects of modern living, thus taking charge of your personal health.

Pathway Number One: Nutrition

What is America’s leading cause of disease? Malnutrition. We think of ourselves as so well fed that the idea that we are suffering from malnutrition is difficult for most  Americans  to  grasp.  When  we  hear  the  word  “malnourished,”  we  recall television  images  of  starving  children.  Although  Americans  are  rarely undernourished  to this extent,  we are malnourished,  and in fact  it is our leading cause of disease. The typical diet, what most Americans eat, simply does not supply sufficient  nutrients. No wonder that we suffer from the one disease in its various forms.

The nutrition pathway is about the relationship between the nutritional content of your diet and your health. Obtaining proper nutritional intake on a daily basis is important because nutrients act as a team. A shortage of even one nutrient will decrease the effectiveness of all the others. Nutritional status affects our entire being, including moods and emotions, the ability to learn and remember, physical performance and resistance to disease. Cells and tissues thrive when provided with an environment rich in nutrients such as water, oxygen, vitamins, minerals, proteins, carbohydrates and essential fatty acids, while deficiency causes disease and shortens life.

To some degree, almost all Americans are overfed but undernourished. Virtually everything that  we  eat  today,  unless  we  make  special  choices,  is  nutritionally inferior to the foods that our ancestors were eating as recently as a few generations

ago. Not only have we fundamentally  changed what we eat; we have changed how our  food  is  grown,  processed,  transported,  stored,  treated  and  prepared.  These changes  cause  our  foods  to be  nutritionally  deficient—the  primary  cause  of  our modern  epidemic  of  chronic  disease.  In  addition,  our  crops  usually  retain  toxic residues from pesticides and other agricultural chemicals, and some are even ripened with  artificial  chemicals.  Both  nutritionally  deficient  and  chemically  toxic,  our modern food supply promotes disease.

Pathway Number Two: Toxin

Toxins interfere  with normal cell function, thereby causing malfunctions.  Most people  know  that  toxins  are  dangerous,  but  what  are  toxins,  and  how do  toxins damage our cells?

We are exposed to toxins in various ways: in the air we breathe, the water we drink, the clothes we wear and the food we eat. In our modern world, we are exposed to these environmental  toxins  all day, every day. Toxins  in our environment  can impose an undue external burden on us, while poor digestion, lack of exercise, and negative thoughts and emotions can increase our toxic loads internally.

Our bodies  do have the ability  to detoxify,  but our detoxification  mechanisms require  essential  nutrients  to function  properly.  Inadequate  nutrition  deprives  the body of the raw materials necessary to detoxify, so toxic levels build and negatively affect cellular health. In our society, toxic overload is having a bigger effect than it should, because our deficient diets do not supply the nutrients necessary to operate and maintain our detoxification mechanisms. Not only is our toxic load the highest in history, but our ability to process and eliminate these toxins is impaired.

Because we know that excessive toxic exposure causes disease, learning about the toxin pathway can teach us which substances are toxic, how toxic they are, where they are, how they get there and how we can minimize our exposures to them. The toxin pathway provides insight into the toxic aspects of our daily lives—in our food supply,   water   supply,   homes   and   personal   products   (including   many   soaps, shampoos and toothpastes). Fortunately, healthful alternatives are available. Toxic exposure is a fact of life, and the body is designed to deal with it. Our problem is toxic overload, i.e., when the toxic input exceeds our ability to process it. Understanding this pathway can help us to reduce toxic exposure to manageable levels by teaching us to recognize and avoid toxins in our daily lives.

Pathway Number Three: Psychological

The psychological pathway may turn out to be the most important pathway of all. Through study of the psychological pathway, we learn about the significance of thoughts, emotions and behavior, and how these affect our health.

Many people believe that the mind has an enormous effect on the body. This idea,

however, is based on the supposition that the mind somehow is separated from the body. In truth, the entire body, including the brain, is the mind. When we understand that the mind and body are one, reports of placebo effects and miraculous healings should not be surprising. In fact, they are part of everyday life.

Our thoughts and emotions trigger a cascade of biochemical reactions that either enhance or damage health. How we react to various life events and how we respond to our thoughts and emotions are choices that can damage or enhance cellular health. What we allow to enter our minds on a daily basis is critical. What we think and feel over  a lifetime  plays  a major  role in our health  or illness.  The significance  and impact of the factors associated with this pathway may indeed be more important than all the nutrients and toxins we put into our bodies, perhaps even more important than all the other pathways  put together. The psychological  pathway explores  the subjects relevant to behavioral and psychological factors in health and disease, including meditation, stress, thoughts, emotions and the placebo effect.

Pathway Number Four: Physical

The physical pathway contains recommendations on how to recognize and provide for  the  body’s  physical  needs.  This  pathway  can  be  used  to  enhance  physical potential and to minimize physical damage. Just as nutrition and toxic avoidance are important to health, physical maintenance  and care are also essential to the health equation.

Most  Americans  do  not  get  adequate  exercise,  sleep  or  sunlight.  An  indoor, sedentary  lifestyle  means  little  or no exercise  nor exposure  to natural  light. Our mental lifestyle, meanwhile, is excessively fast paced, and this, together with a high incidence  of sleep deprivation,  means that often we are chronically  and seriously stressed. Also we are exposed to subtle physical influences, such as electromagnetic fields caused by the wiring in our homes, hairdryers,  heaters, electric razors, cell phones and the X rays we receive as part of medical and dental evaluations.

Pathway Number Five: Genetic

Limit genetic damage. Optimize genetic potential. These are the goals we strive toward on the genetic pathway.

The  genetic  pathway  focuses  on  optimizing  the  expression  of  our  genes  to promote health and limit any damage to the genes. Each human being is genetically unique; inherent strengths and weaknesses are a part of our basic genetic makeup. Genes are the blueprint of life. Our genes, however, rarely have the final say and they are certainly not the primary cause of disease that modern medicine would have us believe. Genes are a potential for expression, and they express themselves in ways commensurate with life’s circumstances.

The genetic pathway explores topics such as the genetic causes for disease and the

effects  of  genetically  engineered  foods.  Further,  this  pathway  identifies  specific hazards that can potentially cause genetic damage, such as environmental chemicals, prescription   drugs   and  radiation.   Most   important   is  the  personal   resolve   of individuals   to  commit  themselves   seriously  to  optimizing   health,  rather  than accepting their so-called genetic predisposition as a fore-doomed fate.

Pathway Number Six: Medical

The medical pathway is perhaps the most surprising and most misunderstood of all the pathways. As we have noted, many people rave about and swear by the near- miraculous   feats   accomplished    by   modern   medicine.   The   technology   that contemporary  medicine has to offer is best used in crisis intervention  and trauma care. However,  such applications  are limited.  No doubt  that  physicians  are well- meaning,  but a blind trust in them  and in the treatments  they offer (surgery  and drugs)  to the  exclusion  of  other  considerations  can  lead  to destructive  and  even lethal consequences.

The medical pathway helps to explain how modern medicine can cause disease. Widespread ignorance and failure to comprehend this fact are reasons that modern medicine  harms  the  health  of  our  population.  By  studying  this  pathway  we  can identify and avoid potentially harmful aspects of medicine, while still reaping the benefits of modern medical technology.

The medical pathway is unique, expressing itself through all of the other pathways and thus, compromising health at many levels. In working to optimize your personal health equation, you need to be aware of the ways in which modern medical “care” actually can damage your health along any of the other pathways. Chapter 10 about the medical pathway describes more specifically medicine’s capabilities and its limitations.

A New Theory for a New Millennium

During the last century, modern industrial society has brought fundamental changes to human existence; we are developing and changing the world much faster than our biology can adapt. Today, nutritional intake, toxic exposures and stress levels bear little resemblance to those of even our most recent biological ancestors. Every cell in our bodies is adversely affected by these profound changes, which is why our society has suffered more and more chronic disease. Disease is the catastrophic result of decades of inadequate nutrition, toxic exposures, sedentary lifestyles, familial and social disruptions and a dependence on drugs (prescription, over-the-counter and recreational).

In this chapter, I have attempted to outline the complexity and confusion that surround disease in our society. I offer a new theory of health and disease, a new

way to look at these concepts: There is only one disease, cellular malfunction, and only two causes of disease, deficiency and toxicity. Six pathways can lead to health or disease. Our confusion arises because cells malfunction in many different ways. Modern medicine categorizes the symptoms created by these various malfunctions as different diseases, even though they have common causes. Achieving victory over disease requires removing the causes. Eliminate deficiency and toxicity, allow the body to self-repair and self-regulate, and disease will go away.




Cells—in the skin, the muscles, the lungs, the liver, the intestines,  the kidneys, the blood vessels, the glands, the heart and, crucially, the nerves and brain—must be well nourished if we are to lead long and healthy lives. Contrarily, if these cells are  undernourished,  disabilities  and  diseases  of  every description will ensue.”

Roger J. Williams, Ph.D.

Nutrition Against Disease

Let us take a trip together to the front lines of the daily battle between health and disease:  your  cells.  Cells  are the building  blocks  of your  body. They  build  your tissues, and these tissues make up your systems. Because malfunctioning  cells are the one disease, learning to care for cells is fundamental  to healthy living. Come with me on a tour of the systems that keep your body healthy or that make you sick. The struggle for life itself occurs within every cell. The vitality of a person can only be as strong as the cells of which they are made.

The basics of caring for your cells are as follows:

• Supply cells with all the raw materials they need.

• Avoid the damaging effects of toxic chemicals.

• Build healthy cell membranes, the cell’s first line of defense against disease.

• Learn how to prevent and reverse disease by understanding  how cells work and how they malfunction.

• Choices, rather than genetic inheritance, are key.

Lost Along the Way

Before we leave our homes to travel—particularly if our destination is unfamiliar

—we usually spend time reading brochures, studying maps, or researching local customs, currency, and, perhaps, health precautions. We rarely give that kind of attention to our own bodies and to our health, yet what could be more important?

Most people expect that their bodies generally take care of themselves, provided they don’t smoke, drink to excess, or fall prey to some unstoppable virus or some predetermined genetic disease. Most  people believe that  as  long as  they  avoid “fattening” foods, they are eating a healthful diet. On all counts, these people are wrong.

One of  the most  important things you need in order to fight  disease and to encourage your own health is knowledge. This chapter teaches you how to prepare and what to pack for a healthy journey through the rest of your life. The small amount of time you will spend reading this chapter will be an investment worth

making: It may save your life. Knowledge is power, and you are about to plug into a tremendous energy source.

A cabinet stocked with medicines, a list of doctors to call, and a head filled with commercial endorsements, medical studies and drug warning labels does nothing to give you what you really need: a true understanding of what makes you sick or how to get well. Without  that understanding,  you can be caught  up in a whirlwind  of medical procedures and pharmaceuticals that suppress or surgically remove the symptoms of what are labeled as thousands of different  diseases. In reality, these drugs and surgeries do not cure disease, and they may actually kill you. Despite the confusion out there about how disease occurs and the different health plans that seek to promote health, real success can only come if you keep your cells working right. This chapter teaches you, simply and clearly, how your body works at its most basic level: your cells.

The Cell

A cell  is much more than a combination  of molecules  and atoms. A cell  is a miraculous reality—life itself. A single cell may be a life form, such as a bacterium. A human being, on the other hand, is made of about 75 trillion cells, including about two hundred different kinds of specialized cells with specific functions throughout the body, such as in the brain, the blood, the muscles, the liver and the eyes.

Cells are created and maintained by extremely complex actions and interactions, but nature takes care of that complexity. Your job is rather simple: Make certain that your cells obtain what they need. Choosing  health means learning  how to supply your cells with what they need while keeping them free of what they don’t need. Cells have great powers to take care of themselves and to repair themselves—to stay healthy—unless   they   are   overwhelmed   by   poor   diets,   unhealthy   habits   or environmental hazards. Your daily choices determine whether your cells stay healthy or get sick.

We are ready to begin our journey through the cells of your body. Picture that we have traveled to the largest industrial park you can imagine. Around the park is a security  wall  designed  to  keep  out  intruders,  to  prevent  the  loss  of  essential materials, and to regulate the passage of materials in and out of the park. Inside the park are powerhouses designed to make the energy necessary to keep the park working. These powerhouses, in turn, require fuel, oxygen and other essentials on a round-the-clock basis in order to do their jobs.

Also inside the park are different factories and manufacturing plants that require a continuous supply of energy and raw materials in order to meet their daily quota of

finished products. Coordinating all these activities are computer and communication systems that regulate the delivery of raw materials  and the removal of wastes, as well as the production,  storage and distribution  of finished products. All of these systems  are based upon a set of design blueprints  containing  all the information necessary to build a new park.

You have just toured the human cell. Each cell  has a wall—  the membrane— whose purpose is to keep out toxins, bacteria, viruses and other harmful substances, while still allowing nutrients to reach inside where they are needed. The membrane also prevents healthy and necessary substances from leaking out of the cell, while still allowing waste products to be excreted. Powerhouses in the cell create energy and manufacturing plants make the finished products your body needs, such as neurotransmitters, hormones and antibodies. Your cells also have electrical and communication systems that help to keep everything working in balance. Cells have many important jobs to perform during every second of every day; anything that interferes with these tasks is a threat to health.

Every day hundreds of billions of cells need to be replaced. Building a new cell requires a long list of raw materials, similar to building a new car or a computer. If even  one  part  is  missing,  the  product  will  be  defective,  and  if  many  parts  are missing, malfunction is guaranteed. As each new cell is created, you are choosing either health or disease, depending on whether the new cells you are building are healthy or not.

You make this choice when you order at a fast-food drive-up window, when you stay up too late, when you spray cleaning products around your house, when you take your daily vitamin supplement or when you choose to take no supplements. Making a  single  bad  choice  here  and  there  is  generally  not  a  problem,  but  when  you consistently make bad choices, daily living can wear down your tissues faster than they can be repaired or replaced.

Building and Operating Healthy Cells

To be healthy, each day old cells must be replaced with new ones and each must perform all of its intended functions. Do you know what raw materials you need to build healthy cells? Are you eating the right foods—foods whose calories are packed with the building blocks required to make healthy new cells? Does anyone really believe it is possible to build healthy cells from coffee, donuts, white bread, pasta, potato chips, french fries and ice cream? How many of the raw materials necessary to build and operate healthy cells do these foods contain? The answer is not many, which is one reason that we have so much disease.

A chronic shortage of vitamins, minerals, water, oxygen or other nutrients causes your cells to malfunction. You may be unaware this malfunction is happening,

particularly  at  the  early  stages,  but  a  chronic  shortage  of  even  one  nutrient eventually makes you sick. When shortages are chronic, the body stops repairing and self-regulating; cells then deteriorate into a diseased state or die.

Building healthy cells starts in a mother’s  womb. If an embryo suffers from a shortage  of building  materials  or the presence  of toxins,  a child  born with birth defects  may be the result. During pregnancy,  certain  parts of the fetus are being constructed during specific weeks—such as the brain and nervous system, the circulatory   system   and   the   digestive   system.   If  essential   raw  materials   are unavailable  at that crucial time or toxins are present, any of these systems can be affected,  perhaps  manifested  as  heart  defects,  digestive  problems,  lower  I.Q., attention deficit disorders and so on. We’re not talking about genetic defects here, but defects that result from building a baby in an unhealthy environment. In extreme situations,  the construction  process  simply  shuts  down  and the fetus  is naturally aborted—an ever-increasing occurrence in our society.

A newborn baby’s health is the product of the genetic material from the parents and the supply of building materials and presence of toxins (from the mother) during gestation.  People  wrongly  assume  that  genetics  by  itself  explains  the  health  or disease of their child. Congenital defects (those present at birth) are not necessarily the result of genetics. For example, the December 2001 issue of Lancet reported a study regarding  supplemental  vitamins  taken during pregnancy.  Mothers  who had taken both folic acid and iron supplements during pregnancy gave birth to children who were 60 percent  less likely to develop the most common form of childhood leukemia. Eating right is especially important for expecting moms. Like any disease, leukemia doesn’t “just happen.” The quality of the cells, tissues and systems a baby is born with has a lifelong effect.

Whether  caused  by nutritional  deficiency  or toxic  exposure,  trouble  can begin when your cell factories are supposed to be making something but are not making enough or have shut down. If cell factories are unable to make sufficient antibodies, we become  susceptible  to infections.  When  cell  factories  cannot  make  sufficient neurotransmitters, mental function suffers. (Neurotransmitters are chemicals generated by  nerve  cells  that  send  information throughout the  nervous system, allowing us to think, learn and remember.) When unable to make sufficient hormones, communications and self-regulation are disrupted.

Hormones are chemicals produced by specialized cells that travel through the blood and lymph systems to bring messages to other parts of the body. Blood sugar level, for instance, is balanced primarily by two hormones, both produced by specialized cells in the pancreas.

Although each cell is a living entity unto itself, bodily systems can only be regulated and controlled when cells are able to communicate effectively with each ot he r. Impaired  cellular  communications  is  one  of  the  most  basic  common

denominators of disease, no matter how the disease happened or what it is called. Cellular communication and feedback systems regulate everything from body temperature to immunity to movement. When these systems break down gradually, as they often do in disease, we may not notice. We are more familiar with sudden and severe breakdowns in bodily communication, such as spinal injuries that cause paralysis. We fail to recognize how subtle communication  breakdowns  precipitate chronic and terminal health problems.

Each time you order at a restaurant,  each time you reach into your cabinet  for cooking  oils,  each  time  you  plan  your  day’s  meals,  you  are  basically  deciding whether you will build strong cells or weak ones. It really is that simple. The choice is yours to make. Are you going to maintain your body or let it fall apart?

Toxins Shut Systems Down

A variety of toxic chemicals  and metals can damage cells. Like grains of sand, toxins   can   jam   cellular   machinery   and   even   cause   entire   cell   factories   or powerhouses to shut down.

Many toxins disable enzymes, which are necessary for the chemical reactions that make our lives possible. The number of chemical  reactions  required to make life possible is astonishing;  in a cell, an estimated 6 trillion such reactions take place every second. Enzymes make these reactions possible. About two thousand kinds of enzymes have been identified, and they are manufactured by our cells to accomplish a variety of tasks. Enzymes act as little machines, putting things together or taking them apart at amazingly high speed. Without functioning enzymes, cell factories and assembly lines shut down.

The kind of enzymes a particular cell manufactures distinguishes and determines what kind of cell it is (for example, a nerve cell or a muscle cell). Enzymes serve a variety of purposes and must be constructed with many different nutrients. Enzymes contain essential  mineral  atoms, such as zinc, magnesium,  iron and chromium.  If these building materials are not present in sufficient quantity, enzyme function (and therefore cell function) is impaired. Take zinc, for example. The retina contains enzymes constructed with zinc and is a zinc-rich tissue. If you do not have enough zinc in your diet, your retina and other zinc-rich tissues, such as the prostate, will be impaired before obvious effects are noticed elsewhere in the body. Night blindness and malfunctioning prostates are common symptoms of zinc deficiency.

However, even if dietary zinc is adequate, but this nutrient is replaced in the enzyme by a toxic metal—such as mercury, arsenic, cadmium or lead—the presence of this toxin disables the enzyme and causes disease. Toxic heavy metals are a prime example of  how toxins can cause cellular  malfunction, and our  bodies contain hundreds of times more toxic metals than they did in our ancestors a century ago.

Mercury is a toxic heavy metal that we are commonly exposed to from dental work

—amalgam fillings contain mercury. Municipal water supplies contain toxins such as  aluminum,  fluoride  and  arsenic.  Even  in  trace  amounts,  these  toxins  can deactivate enzymes and impair vital bodily systems. They can cause our systems to shut down. They must be avoided.

Building  and  using  enzymes  properly  is  an  essential  part  of  good  health,  as enzyme  dysfunction  is  a  common  denominator  of  disease.  Maintaining  proper enzyme balance is one reason to eat fresh organic foods. Organic produce is richer in the vitamins and minerals that enable us to build enzymes and coenzymes, and it is less toxic, too. Enzyme function can also be enhanced with high-quality dietary supplements.

The First Line of Defense

A cell’s first line of defense against disease is the cell membrane,  the security wall that surrounds the cell and carries out many important functions. Healthy membranes, built from appropriate materials, protect cells from harmful invaders— including  viruses.  Malfunctioning  membranes  allow  bacteria,  viruses,  toxins  and other harmful substances to damage cells. The presence of poorly constructed cell membranes  formed  from poor diets is one of the biggest  reasons  that  almost  all Americans get sick.

The cell membrane controls everything that goes into and out of a cell. Making certain that only the right things go in and out of the cell is a critical and complex task that only can be accomplished when the cell membrane is constructed correctly. The membranes that surround each of the trillions of cells in your body are made mostly of fats and oils. Membranes constructed out of the wrong fats and oils do not function properly, which is a problem for most Americans. For example, diets with excessive amounts of saturated fats, which are rigid molecules, create rigid cell membranes  that  lack  necessary  elasticity.  Catastrophic  failures,  such  as ruptured blood vessels and torn muscles and tendons, can occur in tissues made from these rigid cells.

Cell  membranes are  made primarily of  fatty molecules called phospholipids. Special kinds of oils called essential fatty acids (EFAs)—omega-3s and omega-6s— are used to create the phospholipids in cell membranes. These oils are essential because your body is unable to produce them; these oils must be obtained through diet. An overwhelming majority —some estimate as much as 90 percent—of the U.S. population may be deficient in the correct assortment of essential fatty acids. When the correct raw materials are lacking, the body makes cell membranes out of whatever raw materials are available. These materials include the hydrogenated oils found in margarine, vegetable shortening, baked goods and breakfast cereals; the

saturated  fats  from  meat  and  dairy  products;  and  the  trans-fatty  acids  found  in processed  salad and cooking  oils. Cell membranes  built from these inappropriate fats and oils cause the membrane and the entire cell to malfunction.

For  example,  building  a  cell  membrane  from  hydrogenated  oils  impairs  the passage of oxygen into the cell, and oxygen-deficient cells become cancerous. None of us would build a house with cardboard walls. Why, then, do we build our cell membranes—our  first line of defense  against  disease—out  of junk materials  like margarine, vegetable shortening and supermarket oils? Modern diets fail to supply adequate amounts of the correct essential fatty acids. I recommend supplementation with high-quality essential fatty acids and fish oils (see appendix C).

Weak and Rusty

To be healthy, cells must be supplied with adequate amounts of antioxidants. Cell membranes and the factories and powerhouses inside of cells can be damaged from oxidation  via free radicals.  Picture  how oxidative  damage  (rust) would cause  the Golden Gate Bridge to disintegrate were it not painted with a protective coating each year. Currently,  our bodies are immersed  in a sea of highly reactive  chemicals— such as ozone in urban air and chlorine in tap water—that create oxidative damage to our bodies. You likely have heard reports about antioxidants (such as vitamins A, C and E) and how they protect us against free radical damage.

Free radicals damage our cells just like rust corrodes metal. Free radicals have unpaired electrons.  Electrons,  which travel in pairs, are charged particles  orbiting around the nucleus of atoms. An unpaired electron aggressively seeks a mate, trying to “grab” an electron from something else, perhaps a molecule that is performing an important  job in one of your cell  membranes.  Once the electron  is grabbed,  that molecule  can no longer  perform  its job properly;  furthermore,  the molecule  now becomes a free radical itself, aggressively seeking its own electron mate. The subsequent   chain   reaction   can   result   in   serious   cellular   damage   commonly associated   with   aging   and   disease,   unless   the   body’s   tissues   are   rich   with antioxidants that can stop hazardous chain reactions as soon as they begin.

Free radicals are naturally produced as we metabolize oxygen. Free-radical chain reactions are constantly being produced and stopped inside your body. Cells were designed to cope with these reactions, but not of the magnitude that is present today. For example, chlorine, a highly oxidizing gas put in municipal tap water, can easily damage our skin and lungs. Taking a shower in chlorinated water is like stepping into a chlorine gas chamber—a health hazard of which most people are totally unaware. We can make choices to protect our cells, but first we need to know the source of the damage.

Today, we expose ourselves to free-radical damage from chemicals to which our biological ancestors were never exposed. Our modern environment is filled with

substances  that  cause  free  radicals  to  form,  such  as  ozone,  chlorine,  pesticides, tobacco smoke, petroleum byproducts, synthetic perfume and many others. We need more antioxidant protection than ever, because we are exposed to so many more free radicals. The problem is that the need for antioxidant nutrients is up while the supply in our diet is down.

To avoid the weak and rusty body—to slow the aging process and keep disease at bay—the  sensible  solution is to stop the free-radical  damage.  The necessities  are simple: a diet rich in antioxidant nutrients along with antioxidant supplements, and clean  food,  water  and  air.  None  of  these  ideas  are  new,  but  what  people  don’t understand is why they are important. If you allow free radicals to damage your cells

—to allow them to become  weak and rusty—your  body ages faster  and becomes vulnerable to disease.

Salt Is Often at Fault

To be healthy,  the nutrients  in cells  must  be in proper  balance.  Upsetting  the natural balance of chemicals inside a cell causes the cell to malfunction, which is what is happening to the balance of sodium and potassium in our cells. Over the past one hundred years, our diets have changed dramatically,  increasing the amount of sodium  and  decreasing  the  amount  of  potassium  in  our  diet,  thus  reversing  the natural  balance. Modern food manufacturers  add lots of salt (sodium  chloride)  to their products, while modern diets do not include enough potassium-rich foods such as  fresh  fruits,  vegetables,  whole  grains  and  legumes.  When  our  genes  were evolving, human diets contained little sodium and a lot of potassium. For example, eating an apple provides only 1 mg of sodium, but 310 mg of potassium. Eating a piece of modern apple pie provides 110 mg of sodium and only 80 mg of potassium, a drastic change.

Salt-rich diets force excess sodium into cells, disturbing the normal and healthy sodium/potassium  balance. Among other problems,  excess  sodium  interferes  with cellular energy production, causing fatigue. Sodium attaches itself strongly to water molecules, so when more sodium goes into the cells, so does more water. Water retention elevates blood pressure and causes weight gain. Dietary salt contributes to an increased incidence of cancer and metastasis, cardiac disease, stroke, kidney disease, bronchial problems and kidney stones. By avoiding processed and packaged foods, most of our excess dietary sodium can be eliminated.

An Important Litmus Test

Healthy cells must have the correct pH. In addition to the dangerous imbalance of sodium and potassium, our modern lifestyles and diets have detrimental effects on another critical balance: the pH of our cells. Commercials commonly tout “pH balanced” shampoos for our hair, and most of us remember the litmus paper tests

from our chemistry  sets or grade-school  experiments—those  tiny sheets  of paper that turn pink or blue based on pH. Cells must maintain proper pH balance, and our food choices affect that balance.

The pH is a measurement of acidity or alkalinity. On the pH scale, 7 is neutral; 0 to 7 is acidic, and 7 to 14 is alkaline. The normal pH inside of a cell is about 7.4, which is slightly alkaline. Maintaining normal pH in the fluid inside the cell as well as in other body fluids is critical for keeping body systems functioning normally. Most  of the chemical  reactions  in the body,  including  the production  of energy, occur most efficiently in an alkaline environment.  The enzymes involved in these reactions  are pH sensitive  and only function  within a narrow pH range;  pH level affects other vital operations, such as the transport of substances through cell membranes.  You  can  monitor  your  acid/alkaline  levels  by  using  pH  paper  (see appendix C).

Modern diets often cause cellular  pH to drop below 7.0, into the acidic range. (Cells also can become too alkaline, but excessive acidity is most common.) A cell that becomes too acidic is said to have intracellular acidosis. Acidosis, an extremely serious condition, is one of the common factors present in many manifestations  of disease. The more acidic a cell becomes, the more impaired its function. At very high acidic levels, the cell will die. Herman Aihara, author of Acid and Alkaline, says that “one of the important causes of cancer— and other degenerative diseases— is the cumulative effect of the acidic condition of body fluid.”

How do cells become too acidic? Different foods have different effects on our pH. Ideally, we should consume only foods that maintain proper cellular pH. Instead, we consume a diet high in foods that have an acidic effect, such as sugar, soft drinks, white  flour  (pasta  and  bread),  excessive  protein  and  salt.  Consumption  of  these foods, which deplete the body of alkaline materials, has skyrocketed over the past few generations.

Because acidosis is such a threat, the body tries to prevent  it by using its own alkaline  minerals  (such  as calcium  and magnesium)  leached  from  the bones  and teeth, leading to dental problems and osteoporosis. By contrast, fresh and unprocessed foods, rich in alkaline minerals, help keep pH within normal limits. For this reason, among others, most of our calories should come from fresh, unprocessed vegetables, fruits, beans and whole grains.

Concerned about your pH? Measure the pH of your first morning urine before eating. This test offers an indicator of your cellular pH and can be used to monitor changes as you work to normalize your pH. First morning urine should be in the range of 6.5 to 7.5. If readings fall below 6.5, you are too acidic. Occasional readings above 7.5 are normal, but consistent readings above 7.5 are an indication of tissue breakdown, and a pH over 8.0 is a serious matter. Fatigue is often reflected in an acidic pH.

Why Am I So Tired?

Fatigue is one of the most common complaints made to physicians today. During the onset of my own illness, the first thing I noticed was fatigue. I simply did not have the energy I had been accustomed to having. So many people—epidemic proportions, actually—are  tired and lack energy, but they do not know what to do about it. Indeed, when I told my doctor about my fatigue, he told me it was the result of aging. In truth, the fatigue had nothing to do with growing older and everything to do with becoming sicker.

All cells require energy to function. Your cellular powerhouses  use enzymes to turn carbohydrates, fatty acids and amino acids into energy the body is able to use. Fatigue occurs because the body’s energy production systems have been impaired. The  powerhouses   (called mitochondria)  may  not  be  receiving  sufficient  fuel  or oxygen, may have been damaged by free radicals, may have the wrong pH, or may have their enzymes disabled by toxic chemicals. The high-energy compounds made by  the  powerhouses,  such  as  ATP  (adenosine  triphosphate),  are  made  in  large quantities when we sleep, which is one reason that an under-rested person functions poorly and lacks energy.

Don’t Blame Your Parents

Genes are the blueprints for the structure and function of every cell in our bodies. Although we inherit genes from our parents, how we maintain and care for our genes determines  how  well  our  cells  work.  Over  a  lifetime,  to  some  degree,  genes deteriorate  and mutate  naturally,  but  what  we must  focus  on are man-made  free radicals  that accelerate  or distort  this natural  process.  Minimizing  the damage  is crucial;  important  steps  are  to  avoid:  radiation  from  medical  X  rays  and  other sources,  environmental   chemicals,  prescription  and  recreational  drugs,  alcohol, tobacco smoke and even char-broiled meat. Minimizing the damage also means protecting genes with good nutrition—particularly foods containing ample antioxidant nutrients such as vitamins A, C, E and the mineral selenium.

Many people assume that “bad genes” or a family history of disease predestines them to be sick. In truth, while genetic predispositions do put a person at risk for disease, what a person chooses to do to protect the health of their cells and genes plays a more important role in whether or not disease develops. Choices, rather than genetic inheritance, are the key. We must focus on how we play the game, not the cards we were dealt; what we eat, what we do and what we are exposed to determines how healthy we will be.

Learning a New Way

Unfortunately,  a common medical  response to a diseased organ is to remove it surgically. Before taking such a drastic action, why not give the cells that make up that organ what they need, keep them free of what they do not need and restore the organ to health?

Modern lifestyles—diets and toxins—create the formulas for cellular malfunction and disease, yet traditional  medical practices ignore them. How often have you, a friend or a relative consulted a physician and been given a diagnosis or treatment but were not asked even one question about how you care for or neglect your body? Not asked even one question about what you eat, what harmful substances invade your environment  or how you live your life in general? More commonly you are asked about symptoms alone. Traditional  medicine does not make us healthy and, worse yet, can make us sick and promote our death. Drugs, surgeries and other medical procedures that disregard the causes of disease—not fixing the problems inside the cells and instead addressing symptoms— can never cure the disease. Disease is not about “diseases,”  it is about cells; diagnoses and treatments  should always reflect this approach.

The battle between sickness and health takes place within every cell in your body. Choosing  healthy  cells  means  following  each  of  the  six  pathways  in  a  positive direction; let us move on to the first of the six: the nutrition pathway.